Home > Archives > IJSRST1184881 IJSRST-Library

Phytochemical Investigation of Medicinal Plants of Kalrayan Hills, Villupuram District

Authors(2) :-Ramesh P, Subramani A

Medicinal plants make many chemical compounds for biological functions, including defense against bacteria, fungi and viruses. The phytochemicals on the human body in exactly the same way as pharmaceutical drugs, herbal medicines can be beneficial and have harmful side effects just like conventional drugs. In the present investigation suggested that the analysis of qualitative and quantitative phytochemicals of medicinal plants with aqueous and methanol solvent extract were performed and the medicinal plant was collected from kalrayan hills, Villupuram district, Tamilnadu. The selected medicinal plants such as Acalypha indica, Chloroxylon swietenia, Cipadessa baccifera, Eupatorium odoratum, Dodoniea viscose, Glycosmis pentaphylla, Mallotus philippensis, Mukia madasapatana, Ocimum gratisimum, Stachyarpheta jamaicenis, Solanum trilobatum, and Vitex trifolia were investigated and analysis of phytochemicals like alkaloids, flavonoids, phenols,reducing sugar saponnins, steroids, terpenoids, and triterpenoids represented in various aspects of strongly presented and some of the phytochmicals also observed. The quantitative phytochemicals such as alkaloids, flavonoids, reducing sugar, saponins, steroids, terpenoids, and triterpenoids were performed from the twelve medicinal plants. Among the twelve medicinal plants, the Eupatorium odoratum was excellent indicative of phytochemicals in qualitatively as well as quantitatively recorded when compared with other medicinal plants with aqueous extract. The medicinal plants are used for discovering and screening of the phytochemical constituents which are very helpful for the preparation of new drugs.
Ramesh P, Subramani A
Acalypha indica, Chloroxylon swietenia, Cipadessa baccifera, Eupatorium odoratum, Dodoniea viscose, Glycosmis pentaphylla, Mallotus philippensis, Mukia madasapatana, Ocimum gratisimum, Stachyarpheta jamaicenis, Solanum trilobatum, and Vitex trifolia
  1. Anbazhakan, S., R. Dhandapani., P. Anandhakumar and Balu, S. (2007). Traditional medicinal knowledge on Moringa concanensis Nimmo of perambalur District, Tamilnadu, Anc sci. of life, 24(4): 42 – 45.
  2. Asgharian AM, and Ojani S (2017) Invitro Antioxidant activity and phytochemical screening of flowers and leaves of Hypericum perforatum L. ethanolic extracts from Tonekabon-Iran. J Phytochemistry Biochem 1: 102.
  3. Douglas A, Kinghorn L, Pan JN. Fletcherand H. and Chai, R (2011). the Relevance of Higher Plants in Lead Compound Discovery Programs. J Nat. Prod,
  4. Feroz, M., R, Ahmad, S.T.A.K. Sindhu and. Shahbaz, A.M (1993). Antifungal activities of saponin from indigenous plant roots. Pak. Vet.J., 13:44.
  5. Herouart D, Sangwan RS, Fliniaux MA, and Sangwan Norreel BS (1988). Variations in the Leaf Alkaloids Content of Androgenic Diploid plants of Datura innoxia Planta Med 54: 14 – 17.
  6. Harborne JB. (1973), A guide to modern technique of plant analysis.London: Chapman and Hill; Phytochemical methods; p. 279.
  7. Kokate, C.K., Purohit , A.P., and Gokhale, S.B (2004). Practical pharmacognosy , 2nd edition. Vallabh Prakashan, New Delhi, 466 – 470.
  8. Kappers IF, Aharoni A, Herpen TW, Luckerhoff LL, Dicke M, (2005). Genetic engineering of terpenoid metabolism attracts bodyguards to Arabidopsis, Science 309: 2070 – 2072.
  9. Krishnaiah D, Devi T, Bono A, and Sarbatly R (2009). Studies on phytochemical constituents of six Malaysian medicinal plants. J. Med. Plants Res., 3(2): 67-72.
  10. Lewis K, Ausubel FM.( 2006) Prospects for plant-derived antibacterials. Nat. Biotech. 24(12):1504-1507.
  11. Mahato SB, Sen S(1997). Advances in triterpenoid research, 1990 – 1994. Phytochemistry 44: 1185 – 1236.
  12. Muthaura CN, Keriko JM, Derese S, Yenesew A, Rukunga GM. (2011). Investigation of some medicinal plants traditionally used for treatment of malaria in Kenya as potential sources of antimalarial drugs. Experimental Parasitology; 127:609-626.
  13. Mukhtar M, Arshad M, Ahmad M, Pomerantz RJ, Brian Wigdahl B, Parveen Z.(2008). Antiviral potentials of medicinal plants. Virus Research; 131:111-120.
  14. Nostro A, Germano MP, D`angelo V, Marino A, Cannatelli MA (2000). Extraction methods and bioautography for evaluation of medicinal plant antimicrobial activity. Let Appl Microbiol 30: 379 – 384.
  15. Olagunju JA, Fagbohunka BS, Oyedapo OO, Abdul AIA. (2006) Effects of an ethanolic root extract of Plumbago zeylanica Linn. on some serum parameters of the rats. RPMP-Drug Dev. Mol., 11:268-276.
  16. Omale J, Okafor PN. (2007) Comparative antioxidant capacity, membrane stabilization, polyphenol composition and cytotoxicity of the leaf and stem of Cissus multistriata. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 7(17):3129-3133.
  17. Polya GM., (2003) Biochemical Targets of Plant Bioactive Compounds: A Pharmacological reference guide to sites of action and biological effects. Taylor & Francis, London. New York, 4(3) 45-56.
  18. Pallavi Singh, Nainika Tanwar, Trisha Saha, Aishwarya Gupta and Sargam Verma (2018) Phytochemical Screening and Analysis of Carica papaya, Agave americana and Piper nigrum Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci 7(2) 1786-1794
  19. Sofowara A, (1993). Medicinal plants and traditional medicine is africa spectrum books ltd., Ibadan, Nigeria, 289- 295.
  20. Swetha venpoosa, Devareddy Sandeep, Sumathi K, Senthil kumar .( 2013) Phytochemical and antimicrobial evaluations of Dichrostachys cinerea. International research journal of pharmacy, 4(1):107-111.
  21. Samell K, Sonita L, Chanseiha N, Sokhany L, Kosalvorlak C, et al. (2018) Phytochemical Analysis and Antioxidant Property of Selected Medicinal Plants Native to Cambodia. Drug Des Int Prop Int J 1(2)-
  22. Saranya, V.T.K. and Uma Gowrie, S. (2016) Study on phytochemical screening from cladode extracts of Casuarina equisetifolia. L., using various polar solvents International Journal of Information Research and Review 03, (3), 2087-2090
  23. Trease GE and Evans WC, (1989); Pharmacognosy”, 11th ed., Brailliar Tiridel can, Macmillian Publishers, 10 (2): 108–15.
  24. Viajayalakshmi M. (2013) Pharmacognostical Standardization and Phytochemical Analysis of Leaves of Dichrostachys cinerea, Arn International Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemical Research. 5(3):232-235.
  25. Williams RJ, Spencer JPE, and Rice-Evans C. (2004) Flavonoids: antioxidants or signalling molecules. Free Radic. Biol. Med., 36:838-849.
Publication Details
  Published in : Volume 4 | Issue 8 | May-June 2018
  Date of Publication : 2018-06-30
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 396-405
Manuscript Number : IJSRST1184881
Publisher : Technoscience Academy
PRINT ISSN : 2395-6011
ONLINE ISSN : 2395-602X
Cite This Article :
Ramesh P, Subramani A, "Phytochemical Investigation of Medicinal Plants of Kalrayan Hills, Villupuram District", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology(IJSRST), Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X, Volume 4, Issue 8, pp.396-405, May-June-2018
URL : http://ijsrst.com/IJSRST1184881