Home > Archives > IJSRST151322 IJSRST-Library

The Role of Population Genetics for Ethiopian Farm Animal Genetic Resources Conservation

Authors(2) :-Kefyalew Alemayehu, Addis Getu

This review work is focused on the theory of genes and chromosomes as they occur and vary in members of populations. Conservation of local breeds of farm animal genetic resources should be a part of animal management and the communities should be informed by pertinent parties for the distribution, structures, and trends, productive and adaptive performances of populations of the existing breeds. Conservation farm animal genetic resources still not practiced and managed well in the whole or all over the country except for few breeds such as three cattle breeds and one sheep at research centers. The responsible constraints are lack and gap (is avail) of information of about farm animal genetics resource, climate change the anther driving force to change animal production system, increase the exposure of breed populations to un familiar epidemic disease and lack of awareness of AnGR among decision makers and lack of consultation with livestock keepers and other relevant stake holder. But there are also opportunities in the country such as practice in little research centers. Farm animal genetic resources conservation must be practice by well-designed management, support by national breeding policy strategy and economic wise to attain the food security of many societies finally to the GDP of the country as the whole. Farm animal genetic resource information should be accessible available for every interested specially for animal keepers and other stakeholders as well. Perceptions and thought s of the community should include during design and implementation of animal conservation in the country. Animal conservation must have support by government and non-government organization to facilitate, fund and other related aspects.
Kefyalew Alemayehu, Addis Getu
Population Genetics, Conservation, Ethiopia
  1. Alford, R.A.; Richards, S.J. Global amphibian declines: a problem in applied ecology. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 1999, 30, 133-165.
  2. Beebee, T.J.C.; Griffiths, R.A. The amphibian decline crisis: a watershed for conservation biology? Biol. Conserv. 2005, 125, 271-285.
  3. Bruford M.W., Bradley D.G. & Luikart G. (2003) DNA markers re-veal the complexity of livestock domestication. Nature ReviewsGenetics4,900-10.
  4. Cabe, P.R.; Page, R.B.; Hanlon, T.J.; Aldrich, M.E.; Connors, L.; Marsh, D.M. Fine-scale population differentiation and gene flow in a terrestrial salamander (Platoon cinereus) living in continuous habitat. Heredity 2007, 98, 53-60.
  5. Diamond J. (2002) Evolution, consequences and future of plant and animal domestication.Nature418, 700-7.
  6. Driscoll, D.A. Genetic structure of the frogs Geocrinia lute and Geocrinia roseareflects Extreme population divergence and range changes, not dispersal barriers. Evolution 1998, 52, 1147-1157.FAO.2012.
  7. FAO (2007a). Global Plan of Action f or Animal Genetic Resources and the Interlaken Declaration. Available at http://www.fao.org/docrep/010/a1404e/a1404e00.HTM.
  8. FAO (2007b). The State of the Worlds Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. FAO, Rome.
  9. FAO (2009) Status and trends report on animal genetic resources -2008. In: Information Document. CGRFA/WG-AnGR-5/09/Inf. 7,
  10. FAO, 2012. Cryo conservation of animal genetic resources and Animal Production and Health Guidelines No. 12. Rome
  11. Ficetola, G.F.; Padoa-Schioppa, E.; Wang, J.; Garner, T.W.J.Polygyny, census and effective population size in the threatened frog, Rana latastei. Anim. Conserv. 2009, doi:10.1111/j.1469-1795.2009.00306.x.
  12. Funk, W.C.; Tallmon, D.A.; Allendorf, F.W, 1999. Small effective population size in the long-toed salamander. Mol. Ecol. 1999, 8, 1633-1640.
  13. Institute of Biodiversity Conservation, 2009. Convention on Biological Diversity Ethiopia???s 4th Country Report. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  14. Molecular Ecology 1994(3): 401- 411. Avise, J. C., 1994. Molecular Markers, Natural History, and Evolution. New York, Chapman and Hall.
  15. Moritz, C., 1994. Applications of mitochondrial DNA analysis in conservation: a critical review.
  16. Notter D. (1999) The importance of genetic diversity in livestockpopulations of the future.Journal of Animal Science 77,61-9.OBrien S., Pontius J., Johnson W. & Perelman P. (2008) The alpacaenters the genomic era. In:1st International Workshop on CamelidGene, pp. 6-9. The Alpaca Research Foundation and The AlpacaRegistry Inc., Scottsdale, AZ, USA.
  17. Pechmann, J.H.K.; Scott, D.E.; Semlitsch, R.D.; Caldwell, J.P.; Vitt, L.J.; Gibbons, J.W. Declining amphibian populations the problem of separating human impacts from natural fluctuations. Science 1991, 253, 892-895.
  18. Richter, S.C.; Young, J.E.; Johnson, G.N.; Seigel, R.A. Stochastic variation in reproductive success of a rare frog, Rana sevosa: implications for conservation and for monitoring amphibian populations. Biol. Conserv. 2003, 111, 171-177.
  19. Rowe, G.; Beebee, T.J.C, 2004. Reconciling genetic and demographic estimators of effective population size in the anuran amphibian Bufo calamita. Conserv. Genet. 2004, 5, 287-298.
  20. Schmeller, D.S.; Merila, J, 2007. Demographic and genetic estimates of effective population and breeding size in the amphibian Rana temporaria. Conserv. Biol. 2007, 21, 142-151.
  21. Scribner, K.T.; Arntzen, J.W.; Burke, T. Effective number of breeding adults in Bufo bufoestimated from age-specific variation at minisatellite loci. Mol. Ecol. 1997, 6, 701-712.
  22. Takele Taye (2005). On-farm phenotypic characterization of Sheko breed of cattle and their habitat in Bench Maji Zone, Ethiopia. MSc. Thesis. School of Graduate Studies, Haramaya University, Ethiopia.
  23. Toro M., Ferna ndez J. & Caballero A. (2009). Molecular character-ization of breeds and its use in conservation. Livestock Science120,174-95
  24. Vucetich, J.A.; Waite, T.A. 1999. Erosion ofheterozygosity in fluctuating populations. Conserv. Biol. 1999, 13, 860-868.
  25. FAO. (2007). the state of the world???s Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. FAO. Rome, Italy. http://www.fao.org/docrep/010/a1250e/a1250e00.
  26. Gibson, J., Gamage, S., Hanotte, O., Iniguez, L., Maillard, JC., Rischkowsky, B., Semambo, D., Toll, J. (2006). Options and strategies for the conservation of Farmanimal genetic resources: Report of an International Workshop (7-10 November 2005, Montpellier, France).CGIAR System-wide Genetic Resources Program (SGRP)/Bioveristy International, Rome, Italy. 53pp.
  27. Gizaw, S., Komen, H., Windig, J.J., Hanotte, O., van Arendonk, J.A. (2008). Conservation priorities for Ethiopian sheep breeds combining threat status, breed merits and contributions to genetic diversity. Genet Sel Evol.40(4):433-47.
  28. Kerstin, K.Z. (2006). Modeling the value of farm animal genetic resources- facilitating priority setting for the conservation of cattle in East Africa. PhD Thesis. University of Bonn.
  29. Stein, J. (2011). Trypanotolernace and Phenotypic characteristics of four Ethiopian cattle breeds. Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal sciences. Sweden University of Agricultural Sciences. Doctoral Thesis No. 2011: 29.
  30. UNDP. (2000). Millennium development goals. United Nations Development Programme. www. undp.org/mdg
  31. Workineh Ayalew, Ephrem Getachew, Markos Tibbo, Yetnayet Mamo and J.E.O.Rege. (2004). Current state of knowledge on characterization of Farm Animal Genetic Resources in Ethiopia. proceedings of 11th annual conference of the Ethiopian Society of Animal production. Addis Ababa, August 28-30, 2003.ESAP, Addis Ababa Ethiopia. Pp 1-22.
  32. Zerabruk, M., Bennewitz, J., Kantanen, J., Olsaker,I., Vangen, O. (2007). Analysis of genetic diversity and conservation priorities for six north Ethiopian cattle breeds. Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, 124 (4):236-24
  33. Solomon G, Hans K, Jack J, Wing OH, Johan AM, Van Arendonk (2008). Conservation priorities for Ethiopian sheep breeds combining threat status breed merits and contributions to genetic diversity. Gene. Sel. Evol. 40:433-447.
  34. IBC (Institute of Biodiversity Conservation). (2004). the state of Ethiopia???s Farm Animal Genetic Resources: A contribution to the first report on the state of the world???s animal genetic resources. May 2004, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  35. FAO (1990). Animal genetic resources A global programme for sustainable development Proceedings of an FAO Expert Consultation Rome, Italy.
  36. FAO. (2009a). Threats to animal genetic resources their relevance, importance and opportunities to decrease their impact. Background Study paper No. 50. Rome, Commission on GeneticResourcesforFoodandAgriculture.http://flp.fao.org docrep/fao/meeting/017/ak572e.pdf.
Publication Details
  Published in : Volume 1 | Issue 3 | July-August 2015
  Date of Publication : 2015-08-30
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 146-152
Manuscript Number : IJSRST151322
Publisher : Technoscience Academy
PRINT ISSN : 2395-6011
ONLINE ISSN : 2395-602X
Cite This Article :
Kefyalew Alemayehu, Addis Getu, "The Role of Population Genetics for Ethiopian Farm Animal Genetic Resources Conservation", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology(IJSRST), Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X, Volume 1, Issue 3, pp.146-152, July-August-2015.
Journal URL : http://ijsrst.com/IJSRST151322

Article Preview