Home > Archives > IJSRST151440 IJSRST-Library

The Characteristics of Fatty Raw Materials and their Influence on the Properties of Ethyl Biodiesel

Authors(4) :-Waldicio S. Soares, Lucia R. Raddi de Araujo, Aderval S. Luna, Cynthia F. Scofield

Various sources of fat ingredients may be used in the production of biodiesel thus allowing the agricultural potential to be vastly explored. However, in order to do so, the specific characteristics of the biodiesel produced from various raw materials may be known. In this research work, the biodiesel produced by the ethyl transesterification reaction of ten fatty raw materials was characterized according to its acidity index, kinetic viscosity, specific weight and iodine value. The experimental data were used to develop the correlation between each biodiesel property and the characteristics of the fat sources. Biodiesel properties are strongly influenced by the specific fatty esters composition in the raw material. A good correlation was observed between the values estimated by the equations obtained from the multiple linear regression and the experimental values, with exception of the iodine value.
Waldicio S. Soares, Lucia R. Raddi de Araujo, Aderval S. Luna, Cynthia F. Scofield
Biodiesel, Statistical Analysis, Physical Chemistry Properties
  1. Biofuels in Brazil. ANP. http://www.anp.gov.br/? dw=2457. Last accessed  on October 2015
  2. G. Fogassy, C. Lorentz, G. Toussaint, N. Thegarid, Y. Schuurman, C. Mirodatos. 2011. Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy, 32, 377–383 . ISSN NO: 1944-7442 DOI: 10.1002/ep.10631
  3. A. A. Boateng, C. A.Mullen, N. M., Goldberg, K. B. Hicks, T. E. Devine, I. M. Lima, J. E. McMurtrey. 2010. Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy, 29, 175–183. ISSN NO: 1944-7442 DOI: 10.1002/ep.10446
  4. G. Knothe. 2005. Fuel Processing Technology, 86, 1059-1070. ISSN NO: 0378-3820 DOI: 10.1016/j.fuproc.2004.11.002
  5. M. E. Cunha, L. C. Krause, M. S. A. Moraes, C. S. Faccini, R. A. Jacques, S. R. Almeida, M. R. A. Rodrigues, E. B. Caramão. 2009. Fuel Processing Technology, 90, 570-575. ISSN NO: 0378-3820 DOI: 10.1016/j.fuproc.2009.01.001
  6. V. F. Marulanda, G. Anitescu, L. L. Tavlarides. 2010. The Journal of Supercritical Fluids, 54, 53-60. INSS NO: 896-8446 DOI: 10.1016/j.supflu.2010.04.001
  7. S. A. Scott, M. P. Davey, J. S. Dennis, I. Horst, C. J. Howe, D. J. Lea-Smith, A. G. Smith. 2010. Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 21, 277-286. ISSN NO: 0958-1669 DOI: 10.1016/j.copbio.2010.03.005
  8. P. Enmak , P. Kaewkannetra. 2010. Journal of Biotechnology, 150, 19. ISSN NO: 0168-1656 DOI: 1016/j.jbiotec.2010.08.063
  9. C. C. M. Silva, N. F. P. Ribeiro, M. M. V. M. Souza, D. A. G. Aranda. 2010. Fuel Processing Technology, 91, 205-210. ISSN NO: 0378-3820 DOI: 10.1016/j.fuproc.2009.09.019
  10. X. Liu, H. He, Y. Wang, S. Zhu, X. Piao. 2008. Fuel, 87, 216-221. ISSN NO: 0016-2361 DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2007.04.013
  11. O. Cavalett, E. Ortega. 2010. Journal of Cleaner Production, 18, 55-70. ISSN NO: 0959-6526 DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2009.09.008
  12. N. Dizge, B. Keskinler. 2008. Biomass and Bioenergy, 32, 1274-1278. ISSN NO: 0961-9534 DOI: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2008.03.005
  13. D. Salinas, S. Guerrero, P. Araya. 2010. Catalysis Communications, 11, 773-777. ISSN NO: 1566-7367 DOI: 10.1016/j.catcom.2010.02.013
  14. S. B.Lee, K. H. Han, J. D. Lee, I. K. Hong. 2010. Journal of Industrial and Enginering Chemistry, 16 1006-1010. ISSN NO: 1226-086X DOI: 10.1016/j.jiec.2010.09.015
  15. M. Raita, V. Champreda, N. Laosiripojana. 2010. Process Biochemistry, 45, 829-834. ISSN NO: 1359-5113 DOI: 10.1016/j.procbio.2010.02.002
  16. H. Mootabadi, B. Salamatinia, S. Bhatia, A. Z. Abdullah. 2010. Fuel, 89, 1818-1825. ISSN NO: 0016-2361 DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2009.12.023
  17. D. Vujicic, D. Comic, A. Zarubica, R. Micic, G. Boskovic. 2010. Fuel, 89, 2054-2061. ISSN NO: 0016-2361 DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2009.11.043
  18. G. A. Pereyra-Irujo, N. G. Izquierdo, M. Covi, S. M. Nolasco, F. Quiroz, L. A. N. Aguirrezábal. 2009. Biomass and Bioenergy, 33, 459-468. ISSN NO: 0961-9534 DOI: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2008.07.007
  19. M. J. Ramos, C. M. Fernández, A. Casas, L. Rodríguez, A. Pérez. 2009. Bioresource Technology, 100, 261-268. ISSN: 0960-8524 DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2008.06.039
  20. A. Bouaid, M. Martinez, J. Aracil. 2009. Bioresource Technology, 100, 2234-2239. ISSN: 0960-8524 DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2008.10.045
  21. O. Falk, R. Meyer-Pittroff. 2004. European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology, 106, 837–843. ISSN NO: 1438-9312 DOI: 10.1002/ejlt.200400978
  22. G. Knothe, K. R. Steidley. 2005. Fuel, 84, 1059–1065. ISSN NO: 0016-2361 DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2005.01.016
  23. ANP (Agência Nacional do Petróleo, Gás Natural e Biocombustíveis). http://www.anp.gov.br. Last accessed  on October 2015.
  24. A. J. Ferrer-Riquelme. “Statistical control of measures and process” in Comprehensive Chemometrics – Chemical and Biochemical Data Analysis, v. 1, 1st ed, S. D. Brown, R. Tauler and B. Walczak (Eds). Elsevier, Valencia, Spain.
  25. D. C. Montgomery . In Design and analysis of experiments, 5th ed. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
  26. M. C. G. Albuquerque, Y. L. Machado, A. E. B. Torres, D. C. S. Azevedo, C. L. Cavalcante, L. R. Firmiano, E. J. S.Parente (2009).  Renewable Energy, 34, 857–859. ISSN NO: 0960-1481 DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2008.07.006
  27. J. C. Castro, R. Figliuolo, S. M. Nunomura, L. P. Silva, N. B. Mendes, M. S. T. Costa, A. C. Barreto, T. M. F. Cunha, H. H. F Koolen. 2006. “Produção sustentável de biodiesel a partir de oleaginosas amazônicas em comunidades isoladas”. in Actas I Congresso da Rede Brasileira de Biodiesel, MCT: ABIPTI, pp. 285-289, Brasília, DF, Brazil (in portuguese).
  28. G. M. Garcia (2006). Transesterificações de óleos vegetais. M. Sc. Thesis. Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, Brazil (in portuguese).
Publication Details
  Published in : Volume 1 | Issue 4 | September-October 2015
  Date of Publication : 2015-10-30
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 178-184
Manuscript Number : IJSRST151440
Publisher : Technoscience Academy
PRINT ISSN : 2395-6011
ONLINE ISSN : 2395-602X
Cite This Article :
Waldicio S. Soares, Lucia R. Raddi de Araujo, Aderval S. Luna, Cynthia F. Scofield, "The Characteristics of Fatty Raw Materials and their Influence on the Properties of Ethyl Biodiesel", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology(IJSRST), Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X, Volume 1, Issue 4, pp.178-184, September-October-2015
URL : http://ijsrst.com/IJSRST151440