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A Review of False Smut Disease in Rice

Authors(7) :-Ali Sattari, H-Nohtani, HO-Nasirpour, M-Ghadami, MO-Madahinasab, K- Moradi, Mo-Noorozi

False smut disease is caused by Ustilaginoidea virens (Cooke) Takahashi on rice. It has become a serious pathogen in almost all rice growing areas in the world. The fungus over winters in soil by means of sclerotia and chlamydospores. Sclerotia produce ascospores, which are primary source of infection to rice plants, whereas secondary infection may come from air borne chlamydospores. a precise assessment method to evaluate the severity of the disease was developed. The ‘yield representative’ (YR) based on ‘mean floret wt.’ and ‘filled grain %’ was simulated for the precise disease severity assessment of rice false smut disease. Different fungicides or bio control agents against false smut were applied at different times before heading on a susceptible rice variety. three dsRNA segments from the rice false smut fungus Ustilaginoidea virens,the causal agent of a serious disease in rice, with molecular size ranging from 1.3 to 5 Kb, were isolated and named as dsRNA L, dsRNA M, and dsRNA S. To investigate population genetics, it is necessary to find markers that are polymorphic, such as multilocus DNA fingerprinting, random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) or amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP).
Ali Sattari, H-Nohtani, HO-Nasirpour, M-Ghadami, MO-Madahinasab, K- Moradi, Mo-Noorozi
False Smut Disease, Ustilaginoidea Virens, Chlamydospores, Precise Assessment
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Publication Details
  Published in : Volume 1 | Issue 5 | November-December 2015
  Date of Publication : 2015-12-25
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 170-174
Manuscript Number : IJSRST151536
Publisher : Technoscience Academy
PRINT ISSN : 2395-6011
ONLINE ISSN : 2395-602X
Cite This Article :
Ali Sattari, H-Nohtani, HO-Nasirpour, M-Ghadami, MO-Madahinasab, K- Moradi, Mo-Noorozi, "A Review of False Smut Disease in Rice", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology(IJSRST), Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X, Volume 1, Issue 5, pp.170-174, November-December-2015
URL : http://ijsrst.com/IJSRST151536