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A Review of on the Spikelet Number in Rice

Authors(7) :-Ali Sattari, ZA-Jahantigh Haghighi, HO-Nohtani, MO-Noorozi, Ab-Nokhbeh Zaeim, K-Moradi, Na-Mirzaie Amirabad

Grain yield of rice (Oryza sativa L.) has four components: panicle number, total spikelet number per panicle (TSN), grain weight and spikelet fertility. There is wide variation in TSN among cultivated rice varieties and it is one of the targets of breeding programs to improve rice yield. Many hypotheses have been proposed to explain ecophysiological process that determines spikelet number per unit area. Nitrogen is one of the most yield-limiting nutrients in crop production, and its proper management is essential for improving grain yield. Grain number is linearly correlated with total plant N content. Nitrogen fertilizer might affect CKs levels to increase rice flower numbers. To identify the loci controlling panicle architecture, QTLs for panicle traits such as number of primary or secondary branches and spikelet number per primary or secondary branch have been mapped and studied. QTLs for TSN have been identified using various segregating populations, including F2 populations, recombinant inbred lines (RILs), and doubled haploid (DH) lines.
Ali Sattari, ZA-Jahantigh Haghighi, HO-Nohtani, MO-Noorozi, Ab-Nokhbeh Zaeim, K-Moradi, Na-Mirzaie Amirabad
Oryza sativa L., total spikelet number (TSN), QTLs, recombinant inbred lines (RILs)
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Publication Details
  Published in : Volume 1 | Issue 5 | November-December 2015
  Date of Publication : 2015-12-31
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 222-227
Manuscript Number : IJSRST151545
Publisher : Technoscience Academy
PRINT ISSN : 2395-6011
ONLINE ISSN : 2395-602X
Cite This Article :
Ali Sattari, ZA-Jahantigh Haghighi, HO-Nohtani, MO-Noorozi, Ab-Nokhbeh Zaeim, K-Moradi, Na-Mirzaie Amirabad, "A Review of on the Spikelet Number in Rice", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology(IJSRST), Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X, Volume 1, Issue 5, pp.222-227, November-December-2015
URL : http://ijsrst.com/IJSRST151545