Home > Archives > IJSRST1622110 IJSRST-Library

Contribution of Agroforestry Tress for Integrated Nutrient Management to Improve Maize Yield on Smallholder Fields

Authors(4) :-Ekow Gaisie, Adams Sadick, Gabriel Quansah, Patrick Ofori

A major tenet of agroforestry is that trees maintain soil fertility and it is based on observation of higher crop yields near trees or where trees have been grown before. This hypothesis is based on studies of effective transfer of nutrients from litter to trees in natural ecosystem. A research was conducted at Central Agricultural Station, Kwadaso to assess the contribution of multipurpose trees and sole fertilizer to improve maize yield on smallholder fields. Six (6) treatments were applied in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three (3) replicates. The treatments were: T1 = Control, T2 = NPK 90-60-60, T3 = Gliricidia sepium (4t/ha), T4 = Moringa oleifera (4t/ha), T5 = Gliricidia sepium (2t/ha) + NPK 60-30-30 and T6 = Moringa oleifera (2t/ha) + NPK 60-30-30. Maize variety, Obatampa was used in the experiment. The results showed that for the three successive years of maize harvest, the performances of biomass application from the two MPTs are comparable to the full rate blanket fertilizer application rate for all ecological zones (NPK 90-60-60). There were indications that either of the two species of MPTs, Moringa and Gliricidia could be applied with or without fertilizer to raise maize yields at the rates indicated and also sustainably improve soil productivity.
Ekow Gaisie, Adams Sadick, Gabriel Quansah, Patrick Ofori
Multipurpose Tree, Moringa, Gliricidia, Agroforestry and Semi-Deciduous Rain Forest
  1. Amissah-Arthur A, Mougenot B, Loireau M (2000) Assessing farmland dynamics and land degradation on Sahelian landscapes using remotely sensed and socioeconomic data. Int J Geogr Inf Sci 14(6):583–599.
  2. Bray, R. H. and L. T. Kurtz. (1945). Determination of total organic and available forms of phosphorus in  Soil. Soil Science. 599: 39 – 45.
  3. Bremer, J. N and Mulverey, V.A (1982) Stream distillation methods for ammonium nitrate and nitrite. Analytical chimica Acta 32:485 -495
  4. Kang, B.T., F.E.O Caveness, G. Tian, and G.O. Kolawole (1999). Long-term alley cropping with four hedgerow species on an Alfisol in south-western Nigeria: Effect on crop performance, soil chemical properties and nematode population Nutr. Cycling. Agroecosystem. 54: 145 – 155.
  5. Kwesiga, F.R. (2006).Agroforestry options for soil fertility management in Southern Africa. P6-22. In Kwesiga, F. R., E. Ayuk and Agumya (Eds). Proceedings of the 14th Southern Africa Regional Review and Planning Workshop, 3-4 September, 2001. Harare-Zimbabwe.
  6. Makumba, W., B.H. Jansen, O.Oenema and F.K. Akinnifesi, (2006). Influence of time of application on the performance of Gliricidia prunings as a source of N for maize. Experimental Horticulture 42: 51-63.
  7. New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) Annual Report (2003)
  8. Nelson, D. W. and Sommers, L. E. (1982). Total carbon, organic carbon and organic matter. pp. 539-579. In: A. L. Page, R. H. Miller and D. R. Keeney (eds.). Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2. Chemical and Microbiological Agronomy 9, (2nd edn.). American Society of Agronomy, Madison, USA.
  9. Myers, R. J. K., M. van Noordwijk and P. Vityakon. (1997). Synchrony of nutrient release and plant demand: Plant litter quality, soil environment and farmer management options. In: Driven by Nature: Plant and Litter Quality and Decomposition, pp. 215–229. (Eds G. Cadisch and K. E. Giller) Wallingford, UK: CAB International
  10. Olsen S.R. and Sommers, L. E. (1982) In: page A.L., Miller, R.H. and Keeney, O.R., ed. Methods of soil analysis, part 2 chemical and microbiological properties, 403-448
  11. Sadick A., Amfo-Otu R., Acquah J. S., Nketia K. A., Asamoah E. and Adjei E. O. (2015). Assessment of Heavy Metal contamination in Soil around Auto Mechanic Workshop Clusters in Central Agricultural Station, Kumasi-Ghana. Applied Research Journal. 1(2): 12-19.
  12. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC, 2008)
  13. Wilson, G. F., B.T Kang and K. Mulongoy, (1986). Alley cropping: trees as source of green manure and mulch in the tropics. Biological Agriculture and Horticulture 3: 251- 267.
Publication Details
  Published in : Volume 2 | Issue 3 | May-June 2016
  Date of Publication : 2017-12-31
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 69-73
Manuscript Number : IJSRST1622110
Publisher : Technoscience Academy
PRINT ISSN : 2395-6011
ONLINE ISSN : 2395-602X
Cite This Article :
Ekow Gaisie, Adams Sadick, Gabriel Quansah, Patrick Ofori, "Contribution of Agroforestry Tress for Integrated Nutrient Management to Improve Maize Yield on Smallholder Fields", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology(IJSRST), Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X, Volume 2, Issue 3, pp.69-73, May-June-2016
URL : http://ijsrst.com/IJSRST1622110