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Effect of Characteristic Strength of Concrete by Replacing Cement Partially with Hypo Sludge

Authors(2) :-B. Naga Niranjan Kumar, Dr. M. Ashok Kumar

The results of the analysis on the shear force, bending moment and torsion are compared. The results are presented in tabular and graphical form. The results on the drift and displacement are checked with serviceability conditions and are compared and presented in tabular form. The Zone wise results are also c Hypo Sludge is a waste produced in the paper manufacturing industry. paper mills generate more than 4 million tons of sludge each year for disposal. Hypo Sludge is known to contain useful fibers and chemicals, as my project to get good results by adding of ferrous oxide to the hypo sludge to the fly ash improve the strength, durability, and life span of concrete structures exposed to weather. Paper making generally produces a large amount of solid waste. Paper fibers can be recycled only a limited number of times before they become too short or weak to make high quality paper. It means that the broken, low-quality paper fibers are separated out to become waste sludge. All the inks, dyes, coatings, pigments, staples and "stickiest" (tape, plastic films, etc.) are also washed off the recycled fibers to join the waste solids. The shiny finish on glossy magazine-type paper is produced using a fine kaolin clay coating, which also becomes solid waste during recycling. This paper mill sludge consumes a large percentage of local landfill space for each and every year. Worse yet, some of the wastes are land spread on cropland as a disposal technique, raising concerns about trace contaminants building up in soil or running off into area lakes and streams. Some companies burn their sludge in incinerators, contributing to our serious air pollution problems. To reduce disposal and pollution problems emanating from these industrial wastes, it is most essential to develop profitable building materials from them. Keeping this in view, investigations were undertaken to produce low cast concrete by blending various ratios of cement with hypo sludge. This research work describes the feasibility of using the Hypo Sludge in concrete production as replacement of cement by weight. The use of Hypo Sludge in concrete formulations as a supplementary cementations material was tested as an alternative to conventional concrete. The mix has been replaced by Hypo Sludge accordingly in the range of 0% (without Hypo Sludge, fly ash, ferrous oxide), 10%, 20%, 30% and 40% by weight of cement for M-20 mix.Concrete mixtures were produced, tested and compared in terms of compressive strength, durability& life span to the conventional concrete. These tests were carried out to evaluate the mechanical properties. For the test results for compressive strength up to 56 days are taken.When government implement the projects for temporary shelters for who those affected by natural disaster, this material can be used for economic feasibility. To investigate the utilization of Hypo Sludge and fly ash as Supplementary Cementations Materials (SCM) and influence of these hypo sludge and fly ash on the Strength of concretes made with different Cement replacement levels and compare with ordinary concrete. Investigate low cost concrete by using hypo sludge and fly ash as Supplementary Cementations Materials (SCM) and compare the cost of each per meter cube.
B. Naga Niranjan Kumar, Dr. M. Ashok Kumar
Hypo sludge, Supplementary Cementations Materials (SCM)
  1. Concrete technology by- M.S SHETTY
  2. IS: 4031(part I) 1996: methods of physical test for hydraulic cement is referred for determination of fineness by dry sieving.
  3. IS: 4031(part IV) 1988: methods of physical test for hydraulic cement are referred for determination of consistency of standard cement paste.
  4. IS: 4031(part VI) 1988: methods of physical test for hydraulic cement are referred for determination of compressive strength.
  5. IS: 12269 – 1987: Indian standard specifications for 53 grade ordinary Portland cement.
  6. Bureau of Indian Standards, IS 516-1959, Methods of tests for strength of concrete, BIS Publications.
  7. Bureau of Indian Standards, IS 10262-1982, Recommended Guidelines for Concrete Mix design, BIS Publications.
  8. Bureau of Indian Standards, IS 10086-1982, specification for moulds for use in tests of cement and concrete, BIS Publications.        
Publication Details
  Published in : Volume 2 | Issue 2 | March-April 2016
  Date of Publication : 2016-04-30
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 205-209
Manuscript Number : IJSRST162291
Publisher : Technoscience Academy
PRINT ISSN : 2395-6011
ONLINE ISSN : 2395-602X
Cite This Article :
B. Naga Niranjan Kumar, Dr. M. Ashok Kumar, "Effect of Characteristic Strength of Concrete by Replacing Cement Partially with Hypo Sludge ", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology(IJSRST), Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp.205-209, March-April-2016.
Journal URL : http://ijsrst.com/IJSRST162291

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