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A Review On : Phytochemicals as Nutraceuticals

Authors(5) :-Prajakta S Patil, Kajal N Patil, Trupti D Dudhgaonkar, Shriniwas K Mohite, Chandrakant S Magdum

Nutraceuticals are food product that provides health as well as medical benefits; including the prevention and treatment of disease. Few nutraceuticals are being used as pharmaceutical and a number of other being used and purchased by the general public as self-medication. Such products may range from dietary supplements to genetically engineered foods, herbal products and processed foods.

Phytochemicals of nutraceuticals importance are bioactive constituentsthat sustain or promote health and occurs at the intersection of food andpharmaceutical industries. Such substances may range from isolatednutrients, dietary supplements and specific diets to geneticallyengineered designer foods, herbal products, processed foods andbeverages. Phytochemicals are broadly described as polyphenols,flavonoids, isoflavonoids, anthocyanidins, terpenoids etc,. Theyhave tremendous impact on the health care system and mayprovidemedical health benefits including the prevention and/ or treatment ofdiseases and physiological disorders. Majority of foods, such as wholegrains, beans, fruits, vegetables and herbs contain phytochemicals.Amongst these, fruits and vegetables contribute to the significantsources of phytochemicals. These phytochemicals, either alone and/orin combination, have tremendous therapeutic potential in curing variousailments. The respective health benefits are based on science andethics, for health claims, for functional foods, and presence of certainphytochemicals. They play certain pharmacological effects in humanhealth as antioxidants, antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antiallergic,antispasmodic, chemopreventive, hepatoprotective,hypolipidemic, neuroprotective, hypotensive, prevent aging, diabetes,osteoporosis, DNA damage, cancer and heart diseases, induceapoptosis, diuretic, CNS stimulant, analgesic, protects from UV inducedcarcinogenesis, prevent, immuno-modulator and carminative.

Prajakta S Patil, Kajal N Patil, Trupti D Dudhgaonkar, Shriniwas K Mohite, Chandrakant S Magdum
Nutraceuticals, Phytochemicals, Polyphenols, Flavonoids, Isoflavonoids
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Publication Details
  Published in : Volume 2 | Issue 2 | March-April 2016
  Date of Publication : 2016-04-30
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 254-260
Manuscript Number : IJSRST162297
Publisher : Technoscience Academy
PRINT ISSN : 2395-6011
ONLINE ISSN : 2395-602X
Cite This Article :
Prajakta S Patil, Kajal N Patil, Trupti D Dudhgaonkar, Shriniwas K Mohite, Chandrakant S Magdum, "A Review On : Phytochemicals as Nutraceuticals", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology(IJSRST), Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp.254-260, March-April-2016.
Journal URL : http://ijsrst.com/IJSRST162297

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