Fibromyalgia and Obesity

Authors(3) :-Dr. Jamal Albishri, Fahad Abdullah E. Almalki, Tariq Hameed R. Alotaibi

Fibromyalgia (FM) is the second most common rheumatic disease after osteoarthritis. The main feature of FM is chronic widespread pain, accompanied with other symptoms. There are currently no studies showing prevalence of FM in Saudi Arabia using new preliminary diagnostic criteria. Obesity has been identified as a comorbid condition with FM. This association can be observed from different perspectives and it is not yet fully investigated. The aims of this study are to examine the prevalence of FM and obesity in Saudi Arabia, and to investigate the relationship between these two clinical entities.

Authors and Affiliations

Dr. Jamal Albishri
Associate Professor, Head of Internal Medicine Department, Taif University, Consultant Rheumatology, Taif, Saudi Arabia
Fahad Abdullah E. Almalki
Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
Tariq Hameed R. Alotaibi
Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia

Fibromyalgia, Symptom Severity, Osteoarthritis, Rheumatic, Widespread Pain Index

  1. Queiroz LP. Worldwide epidemiology of fibromyalgia. Current pain and headache reports. 2013;17:356.
  2. Clauw DJ. Fibromyalgia: a clinical review. Jama. 2014; 311:1547-55.
  3. Cassisi G, Sarzi-Puttini P, Alciati A, Casale R, Bazzichi L, Carignola R, et al. Symptoms and signs in fibromyalgia syndrome. Reumatismo. 2008;60 Suppl 1:15-24.
  4. Fitzcharles MA. Is fibromyalgia a distinct clinical entity? The approving rheumatologist's evidence. Bailliere's best practice & research Clinical rheumatology. 1999; 13:437-43.
  5. Wolfe F, Clauw DJ, Fitzcharles MA, Goldenberg DL, Katz RS, Mease P, et al. The American College of Rheumatology preliminary diagnostic criteria for fibromyalgia and measurement of symptom severity. Arthritis care & research. 2010; 62:600-10.
  6. Bennett RM, Jones J, Turk DC, Russell IJ, Matallana L. An internet survey of 2,596 people with fibromyalgia. BMC musculoskeletal disorders. 2007; 8:27.
  7. Okifuji A, Donaldson GW, Barck L, Fine PG. Relationship between fibromyalgia and obesity in pain, function, mood, and sleep. The journal of pain : official journal of the American Pain Society. 2010; 11:1329-37.
  8. Yunus MB, Arslan S, Aldag JC. Relationship between body mass index and fibromyalgia features. Scandinavian journal of rheumatology. 2002;31:27-31.
  9. McKendall MJ, Haier RJ. Pain sensitivity and obesity. Psychiatry research. 1983;8:119-25.
  10. Okifuji A, Bradshaw DH, Olson C. Evaluating obesity in fibromyalgia: neuroendocrine biomarkers, symptoms, and functions. Clinical rheumatology. 2009;28:475-8.
  11. North American Association for the Study of Obesity., National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. The practical guide : identification, evaluation, and treatment for overweight and obesity in adults. Bethesda, MD?: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, 2000.
  12. Andrianakos A, Trontzas P, Christoyannis F, Dantis P, Voudouris C, Georgountzos A, et al. Prevalence of rheumatic diseases in Greece: a cross-sectional population based epidemiological study. The ESORDIG Study. The Journal of rheumatology. 2003; 30:1589-601.
  13. Guermazi M, Ghroubi S, Sellami M, Elleuch M, Feki H, Andre E, et al. [Fibromyalgia prevalence in Tunisia]. La Tunisie medicale. 2008;86:806-11.
  14. Vincent A, Lahr BD, Wolfe F, Clauw DJ, Whipple MO, Oh TH, et al. Prevalence of fibromyalgia: a population-based study in Olmsted County, Minnesota, utilizing the Rochester Epidemiology Project. Arthritis care & research. 2013; 65:786-92.
  15. Wolfe F, Brahler E, Hinz A, Hauser W. Fibromyalgia prevalence, somatic symptom reporting, and the dimensionality of polysymptomatic distress: results from a survey of the general population. Arthritis care & research. 2013; 65:777-85.
  16. Prateepavanich P, Petcharapiruch S, Leartsakulpanitch J. PSY5 Estimating the Prevalence of Fibromyalgia and Its Impacts on Health in Thais: A Community-Survey in Bangkok, Thailand. Value in Health.15:A678.
  17. Ursini F, Naty S, Grembiale RD. Fibromyalgia and obesity: the hidden link. Rheumatology international. 2011;31:1403-8.
  18. Stallings SP, Kasdan ML, Soergel TM, Corwin HM. A case-control study of obesity as a risk factor for carpal tunnel syndrome in a population of 600 patients presenting for independent medical examination. The Journal of hand surgery. 1997;22:211-5.
  19. Felson DT, Zhang Y, Anthony JM, Naimark A, Anderson JJ. Weight loss reduces the risk for symptomatic knee osteoarthritis in women. The Framingham Study. Annals of internal medicine. 1992;116:535-9.
  20. Han TS, Schouten JS, Lean ME, Seidell JC. The prevalence of low back pain and associations with body fatness, fat distribution and height. International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders : journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity. 1997;21:600-7.
  21. Neumann L, Lerner E, Glazer Y, Bolotin A, Shefer A, Buskila D. A cross-sectional study of the relationship between body mass index and clinical characteristics, tenderness measures, quality of life, and physical functioning in fibromyalgia patients. Clinical rheumatology. 2008;27:1543-7.
  22. Bigal ME, Gironda M, Tepper SJ, Feleppa M, Rapoport AM, Sheftell FD, et al. Headache prevention outcome and body mass index. Cephalalgia : an international journal of headache. 2006;26:445-50.
  23. Marcus DA. Obesity and the impact of chronic pain. The Clinical journal of pain. 2004;20:186-91.
  24. Fain JN. Release of interleukins and other inflammatory cytokines by human adipose tissue is enhanced in obesity and primarily due to the nonfat cells. Vitamins and hormones. 2006;74:443-77.
  25. Schmidt FM, Weschenfelder J, Sander C, Minkwitz J, Thormann J, Chittka T, et al. Inflammatory Cytokines in General and Central Obesity and Modulating Effects of Physical Activity. PLoS ONE. 2015;10:e0121971.
  26. Janke EA, Collins A, Kozak AT. Overview of the relationship between pain and obesity: What do we know? Where do we go next? Journal of rehabilitation research and development. 2007;44:245-62.
  27. Wright LJ, Schur E, Noonan C, Ahumada S, Buchwald D, Afari N. Chronic pain, overweight, and obesity: findings from a community-based twin registry. The journal of pain : official journal of the American Pain Society. 2010;11:628-35.
  28. Aparicio VA, Ortega FB, Carbonell-Baeza A, Gatto-Cardia C, Sjostrom M, Ruiz JR, et al. Fibromyalgia's key symptoms in normal-weight, overweight, and obese female patients. Pain management nursing : official journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses. 2013;14:268-76.

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 2 | Issue 3 | May-June 2016
Date of Publication : 2017-12-31
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 344-349
Manuscript Number : IJSRST162390
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X

Cite This Article :

Dr. Jamal Albishri, Fahad Abdullah E. Almalki, Tariq Hameed R. Alotaibi, " Fibromyalgia and Obesity", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology(IJSRST), Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X, Volume 2, Issue 3, pp.344-349, May-June-2016.
Journal URL :

Article Preview