Effect of Autohydrolysis of Waste Fiber Palm Lignocellulosic From of the Production Chain of Biodiesel

Authors(6) :-Mauricio Ikeda Yoguim, Jessica Viamonte, Wanderlei Alves Lima, Marco Andre Fraga, Nidia Maria Ribeiro Pastura, Wilma de Araujo Gonzalez

The palm waste generated in the production chain of palm oil biodiesel was of about 38% of lignocellulosic waste formed normally empty bunches of fibers. The fundamental characterization of pretreated empty bunches of fibers with liquid hot water. This material with average size of 80 mesh was composed of cellulose 14,4%, hemicellulose 16%, insoluble lignin acid 29,4%, lignin-soluble acid 3,2%, extractives 28,2% and total ash 5,2%. The time and temperature of liquid pretreatment with hot water were 30 and 60 min and 100° C. The characterization of these materials was made by SEM, EDS and infrared spectrometry and HPLC extractives. These analyzes showed modification of the morphology the fibers of empty clusters of oil palm with the appearance of porosity and increase of pulp crystallization rate by the solubility of amorphous cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin as shown by the results of FT-IR. After the hydrothermal treatment, the product of the hydrolysis reaction analyzed by HPLC. The increasing the pretreatment time confirms that the auto-hydrolysis process occurs causing an expansion of the fibers, exposing the crystalline cellulose and probably partial leaching of the hemicellulose and lignin. The products were identified: glucose, xylose, and acetic acid. Therefore, under the conditions of the pretreatment was not observed the formation of furfural.

Authors and Affiliations

Mauricio Ikeda Yoguim
Chemical Engineering Department/Military Engineering Institute, IME; Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Jessica Viamonte
Chemical Engineering Department/Military Engineering Institute, IME; Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Wanderlei Alves Lima
System of Plant Production Agroenergia - Dendê/ EMBRAPA/CPAA; Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil
Marco Andre Fraga
Division of Catalysis and Chemical Processes/National Institute of Technology, INT; Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil,
Nidia Maria Ribeiro Pastura
Chemical Engineering Department/State University of Rio de Janeiro, UERJ, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Wilma de Araujo Gonzalez
Chemical Engineering Department/Military Engineering Institute, IME; Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

biomass, auto-hydrolysis, fibers

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Publication Details

Published in : Volume 2 | Issue 5 | September-October 2016
Date of Publication : 2016-10-30
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 50-59
Manuscript Number : IJSRST162515
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X

Cite This Article :

Mauricio Ikeda Yoguim, Jessica Viamonte, Wanderlei Alves Lima, Marco Andre Fraga, Nidia Maria Ribeiro Pastura, Wilma de Araujo Gonzalez, " Effect of Autohydrolysis of Waste Fiber Palm Lignocellulosic From of the Production Chain of Biodiesel", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology(IJSRST), Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X, Volume 2, Issue 5, pp.50-59, September-October-2016.
Journal URL : http://ijsrst.com/IJSRST162515

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