Africa's Wars, Woes And The Elusive Peace : Strategic Options To Peace Building

Authors(2) :-Dr. Irene Ashioya, Dr. Jane Amunga

Africa has been rated as having the largest number of armed conflicts with about 15 countries having been homes of armed conflicts in the recent past. Building lasting peace in some of the war torn countries has been a daunting challenge for global, regional and national peace building initiatives. Regrettably, there is no peace anywhere in sight in a number of states despite the fact that, almost half of the 51 United Nations States Peace Keeping missions have been deployed to Africa. Although there are nations that have emerged painfully from the devastating conflicts, some have slid back into violence eroding the minimal peace gains realized. Again, despite the increase in democratic regimes, contested elections have in some places resulted in violence and chaos derailing the very process of democracy. Anarchy in one country more often than not has spill effects in neighboring countries. Most warring African states have to grapple with problems of proliferation of small arms and light weapons which are easily and cheaply available due to porous borders; lack of controls and stringent legislation as well as religious and ethnic intolerance. Worse still, there are states that have fueled conflicts in their own countries and facilitated the plunder of their own resources by making payments for arms in kind through mining concessions and allowing access to significant natural resources. Arms embargoes have proved futile in cases where states have discovered the trick of ‘triangulation.’ This paper catalogues the recurrent conflicts in some pockets of Africa and why peace remains a mirage in these countries. It also examines the fresh outbreaks of violence and highlights factors militating against peace building efforts. This paper advocates for strategic peace building which has a stakeholder involvement approach that can guarantee sustained peace.

Authors and Affiliations

Dr. Irene Ashioya
Department of Educational Planning and Management, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, P. O. Box 190-50100, Kakamega, Kenya
Dr. Jane Amunga
Department of Educational Planning and Management, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, P. O. Box 190-50100, Kakamega, Kenya

Woes, Elusive, Strategic, Peace Building, Proliferation, Triangulation, Militating, Mirage And Plunder.

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Publication Details

Published in : Volume 2 | Issue 5 | September-October 2016
Date of Publication : 2016-08-31
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 323-330
Manuscript Number : IJSRST162583
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X

Cite This Article :

Dr. Irene Ashioya, Dr. Jane Amunga, " Africa's Wars, Woes And The Elusive Peace : Strategic Options To Peace Building, International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology(IJSRST), Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X, Volume 2, Issue 5, pp.323-330, September-October-2016. Available at doi : 10.32628/IJSRST162583
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