The aim of this paper is to highlight the significance of palatal rugae in forensic identification, especially in DVI and need for generating awareness drive among the dental practitioners and people, to adopt the norm of creating and maintaining ante-mortem record of palatal rugae to be effectively used in the process of Forensic personal Identification.
Background: Establishing the unknown person’s identity is one of the major objectives of forensic sciences. Especially in case of decomposed, mutilated, severely burnt bodies, which are now routinely encountered in ever increasing mass disaster episodes; multi-pronged strategy is required to overcome this challenge. Various anthropologic techniques, comparisons of fingerprints and of DNA are most used. In certain cases, however, when these techniques cannot be applied, it is necessary to apply alternate, less known but reliable techniques. It is well established fact that Palatal Rugae possess the features of an ideal forensic identification parameter, that is, uniqueness, post-mortem resistance, and stability. They are considered equivalent to the fingerprint, for their uniqueness of pattern.
Conclusion : Palatal rugae are very significant in forensic personal identification and can be very effectively used if Ante- Mortem records are available for comparison. Generating its keen awareness among the dental practitioners and people is ‘need of an hour’.