Home > Archives > IJSRST162632 IJSRST-Library

Spatio-Temporal Analysis of Water Quality Trends in the Middle Stretch of the River Damodar

Authors(2) :-Ruma Banerjee, Apurba Ratan Ghosh

This study focused on assessing the spatial and temporal variation of water quality trends in the middle stretch of the river Damodar. River water samples were collected from twelve different sites and analysed for various physico-chemical parameters for the assessment of water quality trends. Experimental results showed that the pH ranged from 7.0 8.53, with electrical conductivity 180 710 µS/cm. The value of cationic components (mg/l) viz., Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+ and K+ ranged from 12.346 30.467, 5.417 18.995, 9.425 42.962 and 1.814 12.75 respectively. The value of anionic components (mg/l) viz., SO42 , Cl , NO3 ranged from 8.273 40.935, 4.786 24.698 and 0.045 3.282 respectively. Water chemistry of the area reflects geochemical influences, aided by industrial and other anthropogenic impacts. From the study it was observed that the values of most of the parameters at all sites were least during the monsoon, when the flow volume increased greatly due to the surface runoff. The concentration of studied heavy metals was higher at the upstream of the study area which might be due to disposal of solid waste and wastewater generated from industrial activities. The study revealed that the analyzed physicochemical parameters along with heavy metals exhibited wide range of fluctuations at different locations. The changes in water quality trends in the study area were due to seasonal effects and catchment characteristics.

Ruma Banerjee, Apurba Ratan Ghosh
Damodar River, hydrochemistry, spatio-temporal variation, water quality, heavy metal
  1. Aktar, M. W., Paramasivam, M., Ganguly, M., Purkait, S. and Sengupta, D. (2010) Assessment and occurrence of various heavy metals in surfacewater of Ganga river around Kolkata: A study for toxicity and ecological impact. Environ. Monitor. Assess., 160 (1-4), 207-213.
  2. (1998) Standard methods for the examination of water and waste water. Washington, DC: Ameri. Pub. Health Asso., (20th ed.).
  3. Mila, A. L. and Yang, X, B. (2008) Effects of fluctuating soil temperature and water potential on sclerotia germination and apothecial production of sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Journal of plant disease, 92 (1),78-82.
  4. Ghosh, A.R. and Banerjee, R. (2012) Qualitative Evaluation of the Damodar River water flowing over the Coal mines and Industrial area. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 2(10),1-5.
  5. Banerjee, R. and Ghosh, A.R. (2012) Evaluation of ecological characteristics of river Damodar Adjacent to Asansol Industrial Complex, West Bengal (India). International Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2(3),1314–1323. ISSN 0976 – 4402
  6. Li, X. and Thornton, I. (2001) Chemical partitioning of trace and major elements in soils contaminated by mining and smelting activities. Applied Geochemistry, 16, 1693–1706.
  7. Silveira, M. L., Alleoni, L. R. F., O’Connor, G. A. and Chang, A. C. (2006) Heavy metal sequential extraction methods — A modification for tropical soils. Chemosphere, 64, 1929–1938.
  8. Banerjee, R. and Ghosh, A.R. (2012) Assessment of physicochemical attributes of river Damodar from Barakar its upstream zone to Burdwan the downstream zone. International Journal of Current Research, 4(05), 026-031.
  9. Guo, Z., Song, J., Xiao, X., Ming, H., Miao, X., and Wang, F. (2010) Spatial distribution and environmental characterization of sediment-associated metals from middle-downstream of Xiangjiang River, southern China. J. Cent. South Univ. Technol, 17, 68−78.
  10. Farkas, A., Erratico, C., and Viganó, L. (2007) Assessment of the environmental significance of heavy metal pollution in surficial sediments of the River Po. Chemosphere, 68, 761–768.
  11. Banerjee, R. and Ghosh, A.R. (2010) Evaluation of Surface water Quality using Factor analysis and the Status of Phytoplankton Diversity of Barakar and Damodar Rivers. Pollution Research, 29(4), 697-705.
  12. Verma, S. and Khan, S. A. (2007) Water quality criteria and Arpna river water of Bilaspur city (C.G.). Current World Environment, 2(2), 199-204.
  13. Morillo, J., Usero, J. and Rojas, R. (2008) Fractionation of metals and As in sediments from a biosphere reserve (Odiel salt marshes) affected by acidic mine drainage. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 139, 329–337.
  14. Banerjee, R. and Ghosh, A.R. (2012) Industrial effluents and their impact on water quality of receiving river: a study on the Damodar River system in West Bengal. International Journal of Engineering and Science Research, 2(7), 669-676.
  15. Hejzlar, J., Vyhnalek, V., Kopacek, J., Duras, J. (1996) Sources and transport of phosphorus in the Ultava river basin. Water Science and Technology, 33, 137–144.
  16. Jarrie, H., Whitton, B., and Neal, C. (1998) Nitrogen and phosphorus in east coast British rivers, Speciation sources and biological significance. Science of the Total Environment, 210, 79–109.
  17. House, W., and Denison, F. (1998) Phosphorus dynamics in a lowland river. Water Reserch, 32, 1819– 1830.
  18. Carpenter, S.R., Caraco, N.F., Correll, D.L., Howarth R.W., Sharpley, A.N. and Smith, V. H. (1998) Non-point pollution of surface waters with phosphorus and Nitrogen. Ecological Applications, 8, 559–568.
  19. Allan, J. D., and Flecker, A. S. (1993) Biodiversity conservation in running waters. BioScience, 43, 32–43.
  20. Downing, A. L. (1971) Forecasting the effects of polluting discharges on natural waters—I. Rivers. International Journal of Environmental Studies, 2(1), 101–110.
  21. Wang, M., Webber, M., Finlayson, B., and Barnett, J. (2008) Rural industries and water pollution in China. Journal of Environmental Management, 86, 648–659.
  22. Zheng, N., Wang, Q., Liang, Z., and Zheng, D. (2008) Characterization of heavy metal concentrations in the sediments of three freshwater rivers in Huludao City, Northeast China. Environmental Pollution, 154, 135–142.
  23. Demirbas, A., Pehlivan, E., Gode, F., Altun, T. and Arslan, G. (2005) Adsorption of Cu (II), Zn (II), Ni (II), Pb (II), and Cd (II) from aqueous solution on Amberlite IR-120 synthestic resin. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 282, 20-25.
  24. Tudor, M., Tudor, M. David, C., Teodorof, L., Tudor, D. and Iibram, O. (2006) Heavy metals concentrations in aquatic environment and living organisms in the Danube delta, Romania. Chemicals as Intentional and Accidental Global Environmental Threats, 435-442.
  25. Bailey, R. C., Norris, R. H. and Reynoldson, T. B. (2005) Bioassessment of freshwater ecosystems: Using the reference condition approach. Book review. Freshwat. Biol., 50(1), 180-199.
  26. Bartram, J. and Balance, R. (1996) Water quality monitoring-a practical guide to the design and implementation of freshwater quality studies and monitoring programmes. Geneva: UNEP and WHO.
  27. Oktokunefor, T.V. and Obiukwu, C. (2005) Impact of refinery effluent on the physicochemical properties of a water body in the Niger Delta. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, 3 (1), 61–72.
  28. Sin, S. N., Chua, H., LO, W. and NG, L. M. (2001) Assessment of heavy metal cations in sediments of Shing Mun River, Hong Kong J]. Environment International, 26(5/6), 297−301.
  29. Santos Bermej, J. C., Beltrán, R., Gómez Ariza, J. L. (2003) Spatial variations of heavy metals contamination in sediments from Odiel River (Southwest Spain) J]. Environment International, 29(1), 69−77.
  30. WHO (World Health Organization). (2006) Guidelines for drinking-water quality. Incorporating first addendum – 3rd ed. Volume 1. Recommendations. World Health Organization, Geneva.
Publication Details
  Published in : Volume 2 | Issue 6 | November-December 2016
  Date of Publication : 2016-12-30
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 191-198
Manuscript Number : IJSRST162632
Publisher : Technoscience Academy
PRINT ISSN : 2395-6011
ONLINE ISSN : 2395-602X
Cite This Article :
Ruma Banerjee, Apurba Ratan Ghosh, "Spatio-Temporal Analysis of Water Quality Trends in the Middle Stretch of the River Damodar", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology(IJSRST), Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X, Volume 2, Issue 6 , pp.191-198, November-December-2016
URL : http://ijsrst.com/IJSRST162632