Determination of PAHs in Fresh and Smoke-dried Alligator Pepper

Authors(2) :-Erepamowei Young, Timi Tarawou

Smoking as a way of preservation could be a source of PAHs in food. This study was aimed at determining poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in fresh and smoke-dried samples of alligator pepper (Aframoum melegueta). Fresh and smoke-dried samples of the pepper were bought from Swali Market, Bayelsa State, Nigeria. Seeds were mechanically homogenized in a stainless steel blender. 1 g of the sample was vortexed-mixed for about 5 minutes with a mixture of water, methanol, and chloroform and the mixture finally centrifuged and the chloroform layer collected for analysis with HPLC-FLD. The results showed the absence of any PAH in the fresh alligator pepper while six PAHs (benzo [a] anthracene, chrysene, benzo [b] fluorene, benzo [k] fluorene, dibenzo [a,h] anthracene, and benzo [g,h,i] perylene) were detected in the smoked dried alligator pepper but they were all found to be present at concentrations below quantification levels, suggesting that smoke-dried alligator pepper used for various purposes is free from PAHs and therefore do not pose any health risk in respect of PAHs.

Authors and Affiliations

Erepamowei Young
Department of Chemical Sciences, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, P. M. B. 071, Bayelsa State, Nigeria
Timi Tarawou
Department of Chemical Sciences, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, P. M. B. 071, Bayelsa State, Nigeria

Alligator, pepper, PAHs, HPLC, FLD

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Publication Details

Published in : Volume 2 | Issue 6 | November-December 2016
Date of Publication : 2016-12-30
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 204-207
Manuscript Number : IJSRST162633
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X

Cite This Article :

Erepamowei Young, Timi Tarawou, " Determination of PAHs in Fresh and Smoke-dried Alligator Pepper", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology(IJSRST), Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X, Volume 2, Issue 6 , pp.204-207, November-December-2016.
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