Home > Archives > IJSRST1733119
Recommendations for a Work based Training &Practice Model (WTPM) for Sri Lankan Police Officers Conducting Child Forensic Investigations
Authors(1) :-Buddhiprabha D. D. Pathirana
Child abuse is an immense problem creating profound distress within the children globally as well as locally. Therefore, carried out the as the first step in child forensic investigations; inarguably; child forensic interviewing is considered the most fundamental aspect pertaining to child maltreatment interventions. Thus, forensic interviews can be considered a highly specialized skill that warrants extensive training and research. Moreover, the importance of investigative officers requiring clear incentives, effective supervision and monitoring of performance within the workplace looms large. Hence, it is important to identify minimum, essential knowledge and skill requirements for child forensic investigative officers conducting interviews, in their varied backgrounds as well as capacities. Another challenge would be to identify cost-effective ways of keep them continuously equipped with information, skills and competencies based on recent developments.
The present study explores the nature, content and duration of the current training programs available to investigative officers in the Children’s and Women’s Desks in Sri Lanka. After reviewing the strengths and limitations of the available training programs the paper offers recommendations and suggestions for an effective, culture sensitive, continuous Work-based Training Practice Model (WTPM) for optimum future training of the Sri Lankan investigative officers. It also provides recommendations for content, duration, provisions, mode, training of trainers, and resources of the WTPM. The paper also suggests that the training be offered under two tiers based on the prior educational qualifications of the investigative officers.
Buddhiprabha D. D. Pathirana
- Billett, S. (2001) Learning throughout working life: Activities and interdependencies. Studies in Continuing Education 23, 19-35.
- Brubacher, S., Roberts, K., & Powell, M. (2009). Does type of memory practice matter when interviewing children about a single or repeated event? International Investigative Interviewing Research Group Bulletin, 2, 8-14.
- Davey, R. I., & Hill, J. (1995). A study of the variability of training and beliefs among professionals who interview children to investigate suspected sexual abuse. Child Abuse & Neglect, 19(8), 933-942.
- De Silva, N., & Punchihewa, A. (2010) Protecting children on the move: A study based in the probation district of Hambanthota, Sri Lanka. Available on line at http://www.savethechildren.lk/resourcecenter/Books-0-0-SCiSL.html. Down loaded on 05th of July, 2016.
- Fisher, R., (2010).Interviewing cooperative witnesses. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 15, 25?38. doi:10.1348/135532509X441891
- Kuehnle, K & Connell, M (Eds), (2009). The evaluation of child sexual abuse allegations: A comprehensive guide to assessment and testimony. Hoboken, NJ:Wiley.
- La Rooy, D., Lamb, M. E., & Memon, A. (2011) Forensic interviews with children in Scotland: A survey of interview practice among police. Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, 26, 26-34.
- Lamb, M. E., La Rooy, D., Malloy, L.C., & Katz, C. (Eds) (2011). Children s testimony: A handbook of psychological research and forensic practice. Chichester, UK:Wiley-Blackwell.
- Lamb, M.E., Sternberg, K.J., Orbach, Y., Hershkowitz, I., Horowitz, D,. Esplin P.W.(2002). The effects of intensive training and ongoing supervision on the quality of investigative interviews with alleged sex abuse victims. Appl Dev Sci 6, 114?125. doi:10.1207/S1532480XADS0603_2
- Lamb, M. E., Sternberg, K. J., Orbach, Y., Esplin, P., & Mitchell, S. (2002). Is ongoing feedback necessary to maintain the quality of investigative interviews with allegedly abused children? Applied Developmental Science. 6, 35-41.
- Lamb, M. E, Hershkowitz, I, Orbach, Y & Esplin, P W (2008). Tell me what happened: Structured investigative interviews of child victims and witnesses.Chichester,UK and Hoboken,NJ: Wiley.
- Orbach, Y., & Lamb, M. E. (2000). Enhancing children's narratives in investigative interviews. Child Abuse & Neglect, 24(12), 1631-1648.
- Pathirana, B. & de Soyza, P. (2015). The effectiveness of a short-term training program on child protection among Sri Lankan police officers, International Journal of Police Science & Management, 17(3), 189-193.
- Poole, D.A., & Lindsay, D.S. (2002). Children’s suggestibility in the forensic context. In Memory and Suggestibility in the Forensic Interview, edited by M.L. Eisen, J.A. Quas, and G.S. Goodman. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, pp. 355?382.
- Powell, M.B., Hughes-Scholes, C.H., Smith, R., &? Sharman, S.J. (2014). The relationship between investigative interviewing experience and open-ended question usage, Police Practice and Research? 15 (4), 1-10.
- Powell, M. B., Fisher, R. P., & Wright, R. (2005). Investigative interviewing. In N. Brewer
- & K. Williams (Eds.), Psychology and law: An empirical perspective (pp. 11-42). New York: Guilford.
- Powell, M. B. (2008). Designing effective training programs for investigative interviewers of children. Current Issues in Criminal Justice, 20, 189?208.
- Powell, M. B., & Snow, P. C. (2007). A guide to questioning children during the free-narrative phase of an interview about abuse. Australian Psychologist, 42, 57?65.
- Powell, M. B., Fisher, R. P., & Hughes-Scholes, C. H. (2008). The effect of using trained versus untrained adult respondents in simulated practice interviews about child abuse. Child Abuse & Neglect, 32, 1007-1016.
- Powell, M. B., Wright, R., & Clark, S. (2010) Improving the competency of police officers in conducting investigative interviews of children. Police Practice and Research, 11 (3), 211?226.
- Price., H. L., Roberts, K.P. (2011). The effects of an intensive training and feedback program on police and social workers’investigative inter-views of children. Can J Behav Sci 43, 235?244. doi:10.1037/a0022541
- Sri Lanka Police (2014). Retrieved from http://www.police.lk/index.php/child-a-women-bureau
- Sternberg, K. J., Lamb, M. E., Hershkowitz, I., Yudilevitch, L., Orbach, Y., Esplin, P. W., & Hovav, M. (1997). Effects of introductory style on children's abilities to describe experiences of sexual abuse. Child Abuse & Neglect, 21, 1133?1146. doi.org/10.1016/S0145-2134(97)00071-9
- UNICEF, Sri Lanka (2012). Briefing sheet: Child protection, Retrieved on 25th of March, 2013 from, http://www.unicef.org/srilanka/2012_SL_Fast_facts_CP.pdf
Published in : Volume 3 | Issue 4 | May-June 2017
Date of Publication : 2017-06-30
License: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 149-156
Manuscript Number : IJSRST1733119
Publisher : Technoscience Academy
PRINT ISSN : 2395-6011
ONLINE ISSN : 2395-602X
Cite This Article :
Buddhiprabha D. D. Pathirana, "Recommendations for a Work based Training &Practice Model (WTPM) for Sri Lankan Police Officers Conducting Child Forensic Investigations", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology(IJSRST), Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X, Volume 3, Issue 4, pp.149-156, May-June-2017
URL : http://ijsrst.com/IJSRST1733119