Home > Archives > IJSRST1734127
Household Water Quality and Management Survey : Paynesville City, Greater Monrovia
Authors(2) :-McClain Jamesa, Paye Plenseh Dianab
Proper management and storage of drinking water remains a greater challenge for family members in the study area. Poorly managed of drinking water at home exposed the water to microbial contaminant. Microbial contaminant is associated with water borne illness. Thus, the objective of the survey was to identify the storage container use to safe drinking water at home and the proper handling of water to eliminate or reduce effluents.
Methods: A face-to-face survey questionnaire was used to gather information relating to the drinking water sources, storage container, and sanitation. The study was conducted in the Duport Road community, Paynesville city, Greater Monrovia. A town hall was held to select the participant/family that meets the inclusion criteria.
Results and Discussion: The primary source of water infrastructure constructed to collect groundwater use for drinking was 31% community hand pump, 24% from a private hand pump, and 32% from private shallow well. In the community, 65% of the participants preferred to treat water before drinking by adding bleach. For the storage , 48% of the family stored drinking in narrow-mouthed gallon limiting the direct hand to water contact. Sanitation is a fundamental concern and associated to the groundwater pollution. In the community, 28% of the family practiced open defecation. The prevalence rate for open defcation in the study area is 2.5%. from the logistic regression analysis, the Naegleria’s R2 of 0.692 indicates a moderately weak to the strong relationship between the predictors and the observed variables. However, the predictor success overall was 90.9% (92.6% accepting that the primary drinking source safe without treatment while 88.2% for decline).
Conclusion. Household water treatment and Drinking storage need immediately attention to provide quality drinking for the home thereby improving quality health.
McClain Jamesa, Paye Plenseh Dianab
Groundwater, Storage Container, Recontamination, Open Defecation, Treatment, Storage Period, Household Water Treatment, Physical Appearance
- An, X., et al., The patterns of bacterial community and relationships between sulfate-reducing bacteria and hydrochemistry in sulfate-polluted groundwater of Baogang Rare earth tailings. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int, 2016.
- Bamousa, A.O. and M. El Maghraby, Groundwater characterization and quality assessment, and sources of pollution in Madinah, Saudi Arabia. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 2016. 9(8).
- Ben Ammar, S., et al., Identifying recharge and salinization sources of groundwater in the Oussja Ghar el Melah plain (northeast Tunisia) using geochemical tools and environmental isotopes. Environmental Earth Sciences, 2016. 75(7).
- Conti, K.I. and J. Gupta, Global governance principles for the sustainable development of groundwater resources. International Environmental Agreements-Politics Law and Economics, 2016. 16(6): p. 849-871.
- Elisante, E. and A.N.N. Muzuka, Sources and seasonal variation of coliform bacteria abundance in groundwater around the slopes of Mount Meru, Arusha, Tanzania. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 2016. 188(7).
- Demlie, M., E. Hingston, and Z. Mnisi, A study of the sources, human health implications and low cost treatment options of iron rich groundwater in the northeastern coastal areas of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 2014. 144: p. 504-510.
- Basavaraddi, S.B., H. Kousar, and E.T. Puttaiah, Iron a Specific Heavy Metal Concentration in the Ground Water of Tiptur Town and Its Surrounding Areas, Tumkur District, Karnataka, India. International Journal of Research Studies in Biosciences (IJRSB), 2015. Vol 3(7): p. 5-15.
- Aboyeji, O.S. and S.F. Eigbokhan, Evaluations of groundwater contamination by leachates around Olusosun open dumpsite in Lagos metropolis, southwest Nigeria. J Environ Manage, 2016. 183: p. 333-41.
- Bourke, S.A., et al., Partitioning sources of recharge in environments with groundwater recirculation using carbon-14 and CFC-12. Journal of Hydrology, 2015. 525: p. 418-428.
- Engstrom, E., et al., Prevalence of microbiological contaminants in groundwater sources and risk factor assessment in Juba, South Sudan. Science of the Total Environment, 2015. 515: p. 181-187.
- Olaoye, O.A. and A.A. Onilude, Assessment of microbiological quality of sachet-packaged drinking water in Western Nigeria and its public health significance. Public Health, 2009. 123(11): p. 729-34.
- Ferguson, A.S., et al., Comparison of fecal indicators with pathogenic bacteria and rotavirus in groundwater. Sci Total Environ, 2012. 431: p. 314-22.
- WHO, LIBERIA: WHO Statistical Profile. 2015.
- Brouwer, R., et al., Comparing willingness to pay for improved drinking-water quality using stated preference methods in rural and urban Kenya. Appl Health Econ Health Policy, 2015. 13(1): p. 81-94.
- TAGEO, Tageo, in Tageo Website. 2016.
- Gruber, J.S., et al., A stepped wedge, cluster-randomized trial of a household UV-disinfection and safe storage drinking water intervention in rural Baja California Sur, Mexico. Am J Trop Med Hyg, 2013. 89(2): p. 238-45.
- Sara, S. and J. Graham, Ending open defecation in rural Tanzania: which factors facilitate latrine adoption? Int J Environ Res Public Health, 2014. 11(9): p. 9854-70.
- Spears, D., A. Ghosh, and O. Cumming, Open defecation and childhood stunting in India: an ecological analysis of new data from 112 districts. PLoS One, 2013. 8(9): p. e73784.
- Copeland, C.C., et al., Faecal contamination of drinking water in a Brazilian shanty town: importance of household storage and new human faecal marker testing. J Water Health, 2009. 7(2): p. 324-31.
- Jensen, P.K., et al., Domestic transmission routes of pathogens: the problem of in-house contamination of drinking water during storage in developing countries. Trop Med Int Health, 2002. 7(7): p. 604-9.
- Levy, K., et al., Following the water: a controlled study of drinking water storage in northern coastal Ecuador. Environ Health Perspect, 2008. 116(11): p. 1533-40.
- Ambesh, P. and S.P. Ambesh, Open Defecation in India: A Major Health Hazard and Hurdle in Infection Control. J Clin Diagn Res, 2016. 10(7): p. IL01-IL02.
- Boisson, S., et al., Promoting latrine construction and use in rural villages practicing open defecation: process evaluation in connection with a randomised controlled trial in Orissa, India. BMC Res Notes, 2014. 7: p. 486.
- Galan, D.I., S.S. Kim, and J.P. Graham, Exploring changes in open defecation prevalence in sub-Saharan Africa based on national level indices. BMC Public Health, 2013. 13: p. 527.
- Njuguna, J., Effect of eliminating open defecation on diarrhoeal morbidity: an ecological study of Nyando and Nambale sub-counties, Kenya. BMC Public Health, 2016. 15: p. 712.
Published in : Volume 3 | Issue 6 | July-August 2017
Date of Publication : 2017-08-31
License: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 13-19
Manuscript Number : IJSRST1734127
Publisher : Technoscience Academy
PRINT ISSN : 2395-6011
ONLINE ISSN : 2395-602X
Cite This Article :
McClain Jamesa, Paye Plenseh Dianab, "Household Water Quality and Management Survey : Paynesville City, Greater Monrovia", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology(IJSRST), Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X, Volume 3, Issue 6, pp.13-19, July-August-2017
URL : http://ijsrst.com/IJSRST1734127