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Biotechnological Perspectives of Microbial Proteases
Authors(4) :-Mimpal Singh, Beenish Muhammad Maalik, Sehrish Muhammad Maalik, Shumaila Arshad
The review briefly elucidates the importance of proteases in living organisms and their wide range of potential applications in the vast areas of research and biotechnology. The important features of the proteases are also exploited in a number of ways and can be used to serve various applications in different industries. Apart from their natural potential of performing various important operations in living tissues, various microbial proteases have potential applications in a number of industries. In cellular environment, proteases are involved in the breakdown of the proteins’ peptide bonds and transform them into smaller fragments of amino acids and peptides which are prerequisite for the differentiation and cellular growth. Proteases have also vast applications in a range of industrial procedures such as food, pharmaceutical, dairy and detergent. Microbial proteases have dominated roles in the industrial sectors. Microbial proteases are exploited for their characteristic feature of hydrolyzing the protein and the rest of the components of wheat and soy beans in the production of soy sauce. The production of proteases can be enhanced via substantiated fermentation methods. The variation in the composition of growth media such as changes in carbon and nitrogen ratio and some other features affecting microbial growth are significant in the evaluating the fermentation procedures. The production of microbial proteases is advantageous because they can be generated rapidly, their production is cost effective and the manipulation of microbial enzymes is quite easy. Proteolytic enzymes can be produced by either submerged fermentation (SmF) or solid state fermentation (SSF). But the latter is far more advantageous because it direct towards many potential benefits for the protease production. The review mainly focuses on the microbial protease production, their functional and structural aspects and the application of these proteolytic enzymes in different industries.
Mimpal Singh, Beenish Muhammad Maalik, Sehrish Muhammad Maalik, Shumaila Arshad
Proteases, Enzyme Production, Microbial Proteases, Industrial Level.
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Published in : Volume 3 | Issue 7 | September-October 2017
Date of Publication : 2017-10-31
License: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 377-386
Manuscript Number : IJSRST17362
Publisher : Technoscience Academy
PRINT ISSN : 2395-6011
ONLINE ISSN : 2395-602X
Cite This Article :
Mimpal Singh, Beenish Muhammad Maalik, Sehrish Muhammad Maalik, Shumaila Arshad, "Biotechnological Perspectives of Microbial Proteases", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology(IJSRST), Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X, Volume 3, Issue 7, pp.377-386, September-October-2017.
Journal URL : http://ijsrst.com/IJSRST17362