Home > Archives > IJSRST173627
Prediction of Organ and Effective dose with known mAs and kVp for Dose Optimisation Protocol and Recommendations in CT
Authors(8) :-Issahaku Shirazu, Y. B. Mensah, Cyril Schandorf, S. Y. Mensah, Theophilus Sackey, Theresa Bebaaku Dery, Mark Pokoo-Aikins, Ernest Kojo Eduful
In medical exposure dose to patients are determine by input parameters including mAs, kVp, pitch factor among other factors. The aim of this study is to provide procedure and protocol of how to assess patients’ dose (organ and effective dose) estimates with preset eff mAs and standard kVp. This is to determine a tradeoff between patient’s dose and the image quality before imaging. In addition to providing appropriate clinical recommendation for clinicians for dose management during CT scan. MVL DICOM application software was used to access image data during abdominal CT scan. Organ and effective dose estimates were estimated as developed by ICRP 103 recommendations. Where on the image data, using MVL platform detail information of the mAs, kVp, CTDIvol and DLP were available for recording. The weighted CTDI (CTDIW) was estimated by multiplying the volume CTDI (CTDIVOL) by the pitch factor. Which was used to estimate organ dose using the normalized organ dose factor and the effective dose was estimated by the product of the region-specific normalizing constant and the dose length product. The mAs is the effective Milliameter per second, which were calculated by dividing the mAs by the pitch factor. The relationship between input and output parameters were modeled as the final component of the modeling process in a form of GUI applications format. This was done to establish the various process and procedures involve in abdominal scan for dose managements. The coding process involve the use of written visual basic code to design an interface and integrated on the MVL application platform for clinical application. The GUI has been recommended for use by various stake holders in CT operations.
Issahaku Shirazu, Y. B. Mensah, Cyril Schandorf, S. Y. Mensah, Theophilus Sackey, Theresa Bebaaku Dery, Mark Pokoo-Aikins, Ernest Kojo Eduful
CTDI, mAs, MVL, CT, MVL DICOM, ICRP, IAEA/ICRP, DLP
- The 2007 Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection. ICRP publication 103. Ann. ICRP. 2007; 37(2?4):1?332
- Aabha Dixit, IAEA Office of Public Information and Communication, IAEA Workshop to Address Challenges of Unnecessary Radiation Exposure of Patients, 15 march, 2016. Pages: 1.3
- Mullenders L, Atkinson M, Paretzke H, Sabatier L, Bouffler S. Assessing cancer risks of low-dose radiation. Nat. Rev. Cancer. 2009; 9: Page: 596?604.
- Rothkamm K, Lobrich M. Evidence for a lack of DNA double-strand break repair in human cells exposed to very low x-ray doses. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA. 2003; 100: Pages: 5057?5062.
- Perisinakis K, Damilakis J, Tzedakis A, Papadakis A, Theocharopoulos N, Gourtsoyannis N, 2007, "Determination of the weighted CT Dose Index in modern multi detector CT scanners", Physics in Medicine and Radiology, 2007, 52: Pages: 6485- 6495.
- AAPM Report No. 39, "Specification and Acceptance Testing of Computed Tomography Scanners", 1993
- Bushberg JT, et al. The Essential Physics of Medical Imaging. 3rd Ed. Section 3.3.
- Walter Huda, Kent M. Ogden, Mohammad R. Khorasani, Converting Dose-Length Product to Effective Dose at CT, RSNA, Volume 248: Number 3 September 2008 PP 995-1003
- DIGITAL IMAGING AND COMMUNICATIONS IN MEDICINE, Supplement 127: CT Radiation Dose Reporting (Dose SR), DICOM Standards Committee, Rosslyn, VA (2007)
- Hutton B F and Osiecki A 1998 Correction of partial volume effects in myocardial SPECT J. Nucl. Cardiology. 5 Pages: 402?413
- Hendee W R. Physics and applications of medical imaging. Rev Mod Phys. 1999; No 71: Pages: 444?50.
Published in : Volume 3 | Issue 6 | July-August 2017
Date of Publication : 2017-08-31
License: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 216-222
Manuscript Number : IJSRST173627
Publisher : Technoscience Academy
PRINT ISSN : 2395-6011
ONLINE ISSN : 2395-602X
Cite This Article :
Issahaku Shirazu, Y. B. Mensah, Cyril Schandorf, S. Y. Mensah, Theophilus Sackey, Theresa Bebaaku Dery, Mark Pokoo-Aikins, Ernest Kojo Eduful , "Prediction of Organ and Effective dose with known mAs and kVp for Dose Optimisation Protocol and Recommendations in CT", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology(IJSRST), Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X, Volume 3, Issue 6, pp.216-222, July-August-2017
URL : http://ijsrst.com/IJSRST173627