Effects of Biofertilizer Application on Growth and Yield of corn (Zea mays L.) : A Review

Authors(3) :-Abdolreza Nokhbeh Zaeim, Mostafa Torkaman, Hasan Ghasemeeyan

Maize (Zea mays L.) is the third most important globally cereal crop (after wheat and rice), it is grown throughout a wide range of climates. Plant-growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are bacteria with plant-growth-stimulating activity, which may result from different mechanisms, such as the production of plant-stimulating growth substances (phytohormones) or the suppression of minor plant pathogens by various mechanisms. These effects are mainly derived from morphological and physiological changes of the inoculated plant roots, leading to an enhancement of water and mineral uptake. Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are considered to have a beneficial effect on host plants. Today the use of chemical fertilizers to the problems of society has imposed. However, the important role of biological fertilizer in the food plants supply and reduce the environmental impact has been proved. Considering that, one the goals of producing is access to healthy seed and seed quality and high production capacity. The effects of PGPRs on plant growth and productivity are either direct (e.g. biological N fixation, S oxidation or P solubilization, increasing nutrient availability) or indirect ‘‘catalytic’’ actions . There are some evidence that plant growth and yield increase may be stimulated by plant growth promoting bacteria due to their ability of N2-fixing, phosphate solubilizing and production of plant growth hormones. It is documented that some plant-growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) enhance plant salt tolerance.

Authors and Affiliations

Abdolreza Nokhbeh Zaeim
Department of Agronomy and Agroecology, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran
Mostafa Torkaman
Department of Agronomy and Agroecology, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran
Hasan Ghasemeeyan
Department of Agronomy and Agroecology, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran

Zea Mays L., Plant-Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR), Biological Fertilizers

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Publication Details

Published in : Volume 3 | Issue 6 | July-August 2017
Date of Publication : 2017-08-31
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 245-251
Manuscript Number : IJSRST173650
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X

Cite This Article :

Abdolreza Nokhbeh Zaeim, Mostafa Torkaman, Hasan Ghasemeeyan, " Effects of Biofertilizer Application on Growth and Yield of corn (Zea mays L.) : A Review, International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology(IJSRST), Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X, Volume 3, Issue 6, pp.245-251, July-August-2017. Available at doi : 10.32628/IJSRST173650
Journal URL : http://ijsrst.com/IJSRST173650

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