The Importance of Biofertilizers in Sustainable Production of Wheat : A Review

Authors(3) :-Abdolreza Nokhbeh Zaeim, Mostafa Torkaman, Hasan Ghasemeeyan

Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is one of the most important and strategic crops in the world. It's grains is a staple human food where bread wheat is the main food of people in many countries approximately 70% calories and 80% protein of human diet is supplied from its consumption. The use of chemical fertilizers (e.g. urea, calcium nitrate, ammonium sulphate, diammonium phosphate etc.) have a great importance for the world’s food production as it works as a fast food for plants causing them to grow more rapidly and efficiently. Biofertilizers add nutrients through the natural processes of nitrogen fixation, solubilising phosphorus, and stimulating plant growth through the synthesis of growth promoting substances. They a re also environment friendly and responsible for continuous availability of nutrients from natural sources. During the past couple of decades, plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) will begin to replace the use of chemicals in agriculture, horticulture, silviculture, and environmental cleanup strategies. The PGPR are naturally occurring soil bacteria that aggressively colonize plant roots and benefit plants by providing growth promotion. inoculation of crop plants with certain strains of PGPR at an early stage of development improves biomass production through direct effects on roots and shoots growth. The role of biofertilizers for enhancing the productivity of soil by fixing atmospheric nitrogen, or by solubilising soil phosphorus, or by stimulating plant growth through synthesis of growth promoting substances has special importance in organic farming.

Authors and Affiliations

Abdolreza Nokhbeh Zaeim
Department of Agronomy and Agroecology, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran
Mostafa Torkaman
Department of Agronomy and Agroecology, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran
Hasan Ghasemeeyan
Department of Agronomy and Agroecology, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran

Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), Biofertilizers, nitrogen fixation, plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR)

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Publication Details

Published in : Volume 3 | Issue 6 | July-August 2017
Date of Publication : 2017-08-31
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 252-258
Manuscript Number : IJSRST173651
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X

Cite This Article :

Abdolreza Nokhbeh Zaeim, Mostafa Torkaman, Hasan Ghasemeeyan, " The Importance of Biofertilizers in Sustainable Production of Wheat : A Review", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology(IJSRST), Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X, Volume 3, Issue 6, pp.252-258, July-August-2017.
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