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Hazardous Waste Management in India : Current Scenario and Future Opportunities

Authors(2) :-D. Vasudevan, Dr. A. G. Murugesan

Proper treatment and disposal of Hazardous waste (HW) is the need of the hour as industrial development is happening at a rapid phase. Improper disposal of waste poses a serious threat to the environment. Until 1997 there was hardly any scientific landfill facility in the country for disposal Hazardous Waste (HW). At present, almost all the states in India have their own waste disposal facilities. Presently there are about 41 well-established treatment, storage and disposal facilities (TSDF) located in 17 States/ Union territories in the country. Necessary regulatory mechanisms are formulated by Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India and implemented by State Pollution Control Boards. The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has formulated guidelines and standards for facilitating better site selection for TSDF and operation of its facilities. The Hazardous Waste Management (HWM) comprises several aspects including identification, quantification, treatment, and disposal of hazardous waste. As disposal of Hazardous Waste is the last option, both regulators and industries are supporting its utilisation in co-processing. Co-processing in cement industries has been identified as a better option to convert hazardous waste as it offers dual benefits of utilizing the waste as a supplementary fuel as well as an alternative raw material. About 7.81 million tonnes of hazardous waste are generated annually from 47,103 units in India. Out of 36 states and Union territories, the top 5 waste generating states are Gujarat, Maharashtra and Rajasthan, Tamilnadu and Andhra Pradesh contributing to about 23%, 21 %, 10 %, 8% and 7 % respectively. This paper aims to analyse the current status, problems and challenges in HW Management and future strategies for improvement. The paper also focuses on impact of hazardous waste landfill site to explore environmental impacts relating to disposal facility.
D. Vasudevan, Dr. A. G. Murugesan
Hazardous Waste, TSDF Facility, Waste Management, Co-Processing, Environmental Impacts.
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Publication Details
  Published in : Volume 3 | Issue 8 | November-December 2017
  Date of Publication : 2017-12-31
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 118-127
Manuscript Number : IJSRST173816
Publisher : Technoscience Academy
PRINT ISSN : 2395-6011
ONLINE ISSN : 2395-602X
Cite This Article :
D. Vasudevan, Dr. A. G. Murugesan, "Hazardous Waste Management in India : Current Scenario and Future Opportunities", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology(IJSRST), Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X, Volume 3, Issue 8, pp.118-127, November-December-2017
URL : http://ijsrst.com/IJSRST173816