Phenotype Frequencies of Blood Group Systems (ABO, Rh, Kell) Among Deferent Patients in Jaipur-India

Authors(3) :-Ziad Amran, Prof. Dr. Manju Mhera, Prof. Dr. Pankaj Agarwal

Background: With the industrial revolution of modern equipment and preparation of reagents, but in most blood banks; blood transfusions are done based on ABO & Rh antigens for pre-transfusion compatibility testing and achieved by random cross-matching of available units in the inventory storage. Unknown phenotype blood group for clinically significant antigens may cause in immunization Aim: To determine the frequency of ABO, kell, Rh blood grouping, Du testing and antigen profile. Materials and Methods: A total of 103 samples were collected from deferent patients at Nims and SDM Hospital in Jaipur-India. Laboratory investigations were have done to all the studied patients including: ABO, Rh blood grouping and Du testing have done by (BioVue cassettes based on Column Agglutination Technology), finally antigen profile (Rh- Kell Phenotype) by DiaMed ID-Card (C-c-E-e-K-Ctl, Monoclonal). Results: Total of 103 patients of deferent diseases 54 (52.5%) were males and 49 (47.5%) were females. The prevalence of Rh positive was 82.5%.The most common in distribution of ABO group system was B group (40.5%) flowed by O (26.5%) then A group (23%). The most antigen frequent was antigen (e: 87.4%) and flowed by D: 82.5%, C: 70.8%, c: 65%, E: 11.6%, while kell antigen was (2.9%). Conclusion: Our study, first step to make a rare donor antigens database bank and patients’ antibodies also, to provide compatible blood to all multiple blood transfused, alloimmunized patients and enhance safety in transfusion medicine.

Authors and Affiliations

Ziad Amran
Ph.d Research Scholar in Medical Lab Technology-Pathology, NIMS Medical College and Hospital, Jaipur, India
Prof. Dr. Manju Mhera
Prof. Dr. Pathology NIMS Medical College and Hospital /Pathology Department. Jaipur, India
Prof. Dr. Pankaj Agarwal
SDM Hospital, Jaipur, India

Phenotype frequency; ABO; Rh; Kell; Rajasthan.

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Publication Details

Published in : Volume 3 | Issue 8 | November-December 2017
Date of Publication : 2017-12-31
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 1329-1332
Manuscript Number : IJSRST1738249
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X

Cite This Article :

Ziad Amran, Prof. Dr. Manju Mhera, Prof. Dr. Pankaj Agarwal, " Phenotype Frequencies of Blood Group Systems (ABO, Rh, Kell) Among Deferent Patients in Jaipur-India", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology(IJSRST), Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X, Volume 3, Issue 8, pp.1329-1332, November-December-2017.
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