Home > Archives > IJSRST173934
Micro-Rainwater Harvesting : Low-Cost Technology (Jalkund) for New Livelihood of Rural Farmers in Western Ghat of Maharashtra
Authors(2) :-Dr. Hemalata Karkar , Rekha Bhalerao
Western Ghats, known for its high precipitation rate, suffers from water scarcity during post-rainy season. In the absence of major and medium irrigation potential/facilities, the alternative method is to explore minor irrigation potential through effective water-conservation measures. A low-cost rainwater harvesting structure called Jalkund of varying capacity (6000-30,000 l of water) developed for the hilltops, useful in water management. Farmers may have option for the capacity according to their water requirement for the crop intended to be cultivated and also for diversified use of stored water in various farm activities like crop, livestock and fish production during post-rainy season (stress period). The Jalkund was made up of clay and cow-dung plastering followed by 3-5 cm cushioning with dry pine leaf, laying down of 250 ?m LDPE black agrifilm and covering with 5-8 cm bamboo thatch. The study revealed that the cost/l of stored water was Rs 0.14 during the first year considering Rs 4205 of total cost which came down to Rs 0.046/lit. of stored water during the third year owing to negligible maintenance cost. Using stored water economically in various farm activities is the most acceptable and profitable one particularly to those in the hilltops, who are the worst sufferers due to water scarcity. This economically viable and easily adoptable technology needs to be popularized among farmers.
Dr. Hemalata Karkar , Rekha Bhalerao
Micro-Rainwater Harvesting, Jalkund, Hilltops, Bamboo Thatch.
- Saha R. and Mishra, V.K. Low cost micro-rain water harvesting technology for new live hood of rural hill farmers.
- Anon, agro-climatic planning for agricultural development in Meghalaya. Working group zonal planning team, eastern Himalaya region. AAU, Jorhat, 1992.
- Vision 2020. ICAR research Complex for NEH region, Umiam.
- Saha R. and Mishra, V.K. probability analysis of rainfall and Meghalaya for crop planning. Indian J soil Conserve. 2005, 33, 86.
- Saha R. and Mishra, V.K. Estimation of profile moisture status form surface moisture in hilly slopes of Meghalaya. J. Agrometeorol., 2006, 81-86.
- Laig, I.A.F., Sealing Linking excavated tanks of form in Western Australia. In Proceeding of the Water Harvesting Symposium Phoenix, AZ, USA, 1974, pp. 159-166.
- Annual report of AICRP on Water Management in high rainfall are and temperate hill zones. Division of Water Management, ICAR, Research Complex for NEH Region, Umiam, 2004-05, pp. 34-38.
- Mishra, V.K., Saha R. and Bujarbaruah K.M. , Jalkund An approach of rain water harvesting and recycling in hilly ecosystem ICAR Research Complex of NEH Region, Umiam,2005.
Published in : Volume 3 | Issue 9 | November-December 2017
Date of Publication : 2017-12-15
License: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 170-174
Manuscript Number : IJSRST173934
Publisher : Technoscience Academy
PRINT ISSN : 2395-6011
ONLINE ISSN : 2395-602X
Cite This Article :
Dr. Hemalata Karkar , Rekha Bhalerao, "Micro-Rainwater Harvesting : Low-Cost Technology (Jalkund) for New Livelihood of Rural Farmers in Western Ghat of Maharashtra ", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology(IJSRST), Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X, Volume 3, Issue 9, pp.170-174, November-December-2017.
Journal URL : http://ijsrst.com/IJSRST173934