Study on Simulation of Biomass Gasification for Syngas Production in a Fixed Bed Reactor

Authors(2) :-Bedewi Bilal, M. RaviKumar

This study was focusing on the simulation of the biomass (coffee bean husk and rice husk) gasification process based on the kinetics of the gasifier and to investigate the produced syngas composition. The ASPEN PLUS simulator was used to investigate the effect of operating parameters on composition of product gas. The gasification process usually begins with the drying process, and then followed by pyrolysis. The pyrolysis process leads to breaking down of the biomass into solid matter, gaseous mixture (mainly CO2, CO, CH4 and H2) and liquid matter. The main focus on biomass gasification process is to efficiently convert the entire char constituent into gaseous product of the syngas by using either steam or CO2. The simulations include; gasification temperature, pressure, reactor volume, Equivalence ratio and moisture content have been investigated. From the result of sensitivity analysis increase the temperature the production of H2 and CO and the increase of moisture content of the biomass the lower heating value of the producer gas decrease. Based on the obtained result the maximum lower heating value of syngas was obtained at the gasification temperature of 8000C, steam to biomass ratio of 0.1, pressure of 1 bar, 0.05 of moisture content and 0.02 m3 of reactor volume.

Authors and Affiliations

Bedewi Bilal
Department of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering and Technology, Samara University, Samara, Afar, Ethiopia
M. RaviKumar
Department of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering and Technology, Samara University, Samara, Afar, Ethiopia

Fixed bed gasifier, biomass, equivalence ratio, ASPEN PLUS

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Publication Details

Published in : Volume 4 | Issue 11 | November-December 2018
Date of Publication : 2018-12-30
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 139-149
Manuscript Number : IJSRST18401131
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X

Cite This Article :

Bedewi Bilal, M. RaviKumar, " Study on Simulation of Biomass Gasification for Syngas Production in a Fixed Bed Reactor, International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology(IJSRST), Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X, Volume 4, Issue 11, pp.139-149, November-December-2018. Available at doi : https://doi.org/10.32628/IJSRST18401131
Journal URL : http://ijsrst.com/IJSRST18401131

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