An Experimental Study on the Properties of Steel Slag Concrete with Incorporation of Silica Fume

Authors(3) :-G. Suryanarayana, A. B. S. Dadapeer, K. Mohammed Rasheed

Concrete is the most versatile construction material because it can be designed to withstand the harshest environments while taking on the most inspirational forms. Engineers are continually pushing the limits to improve its performance with the help of innovative chemical admixtures and supplementary cementitious materials. Nowadays, most concrete mixture contains supplementary cementitious material which forms part of the cementitious component. These materials are majority by products from other processes. The main benefits of SCMs are their ability to replace certain amount of cement and still able to display cementitious property, thus reducing the cost of using Portland cement. The fast growth in industrialisation has resulted in tons and tons of by product or waste materials, which can be used as SCMs such as fly ash, silica fume, ground granulated blast furnace slag, steel slag etc. The use of these by-products not only helps to utilize these waste materials but also enhances the properties of concrete in fresh and hydrated states. Slag cement and fly ash are the two most common SCMs used in concrete. Most concrete produced today includes one or both of these materials. For this reason their properties are frequently compared to each other by mix designers seeking to optimize concrete mixtures. Perhaps the most successful SCM is silica fume because it improves both strength and durability of concrete to such extent that modern design rules call for the addition of silica fume for design of high strength concrete. To design high strength concrete good quality aggregates is also required. Steel slag is an industrial by product obtained from the steel manufacturing industry. This can be used as aggregate in concrete. It is currently used as aggregate in hot mix asphalt surface applications, but there is a need for some additional work to determine the feasibility of utilizing this industrial by product more wisely as a replacement for both fine and coarse aggregates in a conventional concrete mixture. Replacing all or some portion of natural aggregates with steel slag would lead to considerable environmental benefits. Steel slag aggregate generally exhibit a propensity to expand because of the presence of free lime and magnesium oxides hence steel slag aggregates are not used in concrete making. Proper weathering treatment and use of pozzolanic materials like silica fume with steel slag is reported to reduce the expansion of the concrete. In the present work a series of tests were carried out to make comparative studies of various mechanical properties of concrete mixes prepared by using ACC brand Slag cement , Fly ash cement and their blend (in 1:1 proportion ). These binder mixes are modified by 10% and 20% of silica fume in replacement. The fine aggregate used is natural sand comply to zone II as per IS383-1982.The coarse aggregate used is steel making slag of 20 mm down size. The ingredients are mixed in 1:1.5:3 proportions. The properties studied are 7days, 28days and 56 days compressive strengths, flexural strength, porosity & capillary absorption.

Authors and Affiliations

G. Suryanarayana
M.Tech Student, Chiranjeevi Reddy Institute of Engineering & Technology, Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh, India
A. B. S. Dadapeer
Assistant Professor, Civil Engineering Department, Chiranjeevi Reddy Institute of Engineering & Technology, Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh, India
K. Mohammed Rasheed
Assistant Professor, Civil Engineering Department, Chiranjeevi Reddy Institute of Engineering & Technology, Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh, India

Compressive, Flexure, Compaction, Steel Slag, Silica fume, Weathering

  1. Thanongsak, N., Watcharapong, W., and Chaipanich. A., (2009), "Utilization of fly ash with silica fume and properties of Portland cement–fly ash–silica fume concrete". Fuel, Volume 89, Issue 3, March 2010, Pages 768-774.
  2. Patel, A, Singh, S.P, Murmoo, M. (2009), "Evaluation of strength characteristics of steel slag hydrated matrix" Proceedings of Civil Engineering Conference-Innovation without limits (CEC-09), 18th - 19th September? 2009.
  3. Li Yun-feng, Yao Yan, Wang Ling, "Recycling of industrial waste and performance of steel slag green concrete", J. Cent. South Univ. Technol.(2009) 16: 8−0773.
  4. Velosa, A.L, and Cachim, P.B.," Hydraulic lime based concrete: Strength development using a pozzolanic addition and different curing conditions" ,Construction and Building Materials ,Vol.23,Issue5,May2009,pp.2107-2111.
  5. Barbhuiya S.A.,Gbagbo, J.K., Russeli, M.I., Basheer, P.A.M. "Properties of fly ash concrete modified with hydrated lime and silica fume", aCentre for Built Environment Research, School of Planning, Architecture and Civil Engineering, Queen?s University Belfast, Northern Ireland BT7 1NN, United Kingdom Received 28 January 2009; revised 1 June 2009; accepted 3 June 2009. Available online 15 July 2009.
  6. Gonen,T. and Yazicioglu,S. " The influence of mineral admixtures on the short and long term performances of concrete" department of construction education, Firat University, Elazig 23119, Turkey.2009.

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 4 | Issue 10 | September-October 2018
Date of Publication : 2018-10-30
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 338-343
Manuscript Number : IJSRST1841081
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X

Cite This Article :

G. Suryanarayana, A. B. S. Dadapeer, K. Mohammed Rasheed, " An Experimental Study on the Properties of Steel Slag Concrete with Incorporation of Silica Fume", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology(IJSRST), Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X, Volume 4, Issue 10, pp.338-343, September-October-2018.
Journal URL :

Article Preview