Home > Archives > IJSRST1845491 IJSRST-Library

A Study on Hand Arm Vibration Syndrome in Body Shop Workers in Pune Area

Authors(4) :-Kavita Gandhi, Tushar Palekar, Ajay Malshikhare, Shilpa Kandhare

Background: Vibration is defined as oscillatory motion. Oscillatory movements involves velocity in the opposite direction alternate velocity in one direction and then a velocity in the opposite direction. This change of velocity means that the object is constantly accelerating, first in one direction and then in the opposite direction.The oscillatory motion from a source, e.g., a vehicle or a tool, may be simple harmonic sine wave or a multiple wave complex differing in frequency and acceleration; or a random non-repeating series of complex waves. The human response of vibration depend on the part of the body that is exposed. There are two broad types of vibrations that workers are exposed to i.e vibration transmitted to the whole body (whole-body vibration or WBV) through a supporting surface, for example, the feet of a standing person or the buttocks of a seated person and vibration applied to a part of the body, i.e. segmental vibration. vibration is applied to the hand, it is called as ‘hand-arm vibration’ or HAV.

Objective:  To find out the effect of HAVS on hand of car mechanics using vibration machines.  To find how many car mechanics are affected with HAVS .

Materials And Methods: Age group:20-40. Only males  Work experience of more than 1 years.. Workers using hand arm vibratory tools .  Working hours: 8hours per day with 2hrs minimum of vibration exposure.Questionnaire, Jamar., Aesthesiometer were used. Visual analogue scale, Stockholm scale, Quick DASH and Patient Specific Functional Scale. Two point discrimination,. Superficial and deep sensations, Grip strength were assessed.

Result: , out of 217 subjects 142 subjects had no discomfort and were working healthily. on the other side 50 subjects had pain in hand while working, 22 subjects suffered from tingling during work and only 3 subjects showed symptom of numbness during work.. 156 doesn’t have pain on activity and 181 doesn’t have pain on rest. no significant difference is seen in grip strength when compared right and left.. on dash scale 167 subjects had no difficulty , 28 subjects had mild , 3 subjects had  moderate  and 3 were unable to perform any activity.  Conclusion: The study concludes that there is very less prevalence of hand arm vibration syndrome in body shop  workers using hand arm vibratory machines in pune area.

Kavita Gandhi, Tushar Palekar, Ajay Malshikhare, Shilpa Kandhare
Havs, Body Shop Wokers.
  1. Griffin MJEncyclopedia of occupational Safety and Health, 4th edGeneva: ILO; 1998p50.2-12
  2. Palmear PVibration (Hand Arm and Whole Body)Hunters’ diseases of occupation9th edArnold: London; 2000p307
  3. Mandal BB, et al.: Risk from vibration in Indian mines; Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - August 2006 - Volume 10 - Issue 2
  4. Raynaud MLocal Asphyxia and symmetrical Gangrene of the extremities (MD Thesis, Paris, 1862)In: Selected Monographs, New Sydenham Society: London; 1888
  5. Hamilton AEffect of Air hammers on the hands of stone cuttersIndustrial HygSet Bull236, No19Bureau of Labour Statistics: Washington DC, US; 1918p1-4
  6. Palmear PLClinical picture (vascular, neurological and musculoskeletal)Hand-arm vibration: A comprehensive guide for occupational health professionals2nd edOEM Press: Beverly Farms, MA; 1998p27- 55
  7. Dias B, Sampson EHand arm vibration syndrome: Health effects and mitigationIOHA: Pilanesberg, South Africa; 2005pB1-4
  8. Donald WWassermanOccupational Vibration: Are you at risk? Quest Technologies special reportQuest Technologies: Oconomowoc, WI 53066; 2005p2
  9. Dasgupta AK, Harrison JEffects of vibration on the hand-arm system of miners in IndiaOccup Med 1996;46:71-8
  10. Liss GM, Stock SRCan Dupuytren’s contracture be work-related? Review of the evidenceAm J Ind Med 1996;29:521-32
  11. Thomas PR, Clarke DVibration white finger and Dupuytren’s contracture: Are they related? Occup Med 1992;42:155-8
  12. Center for Disease ControlCriteria for a recommended standard: occupational exposure to hand-arm vibrationCincinnati: US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), Public Health Service, 1989
Publication Details
  Published in : Volume 4 | Issue 7 | March-April 2018
  Date of Publication : 2018-04-30
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 294-298
Manuscript Number : IJSRST1845491
Publisher : Technoscience Academy
PRINT ISSN : 2395-6011
ONLINE ISSN : 2395-602X
Cite This Article :
Kavita Gandhi, Tushar Palekar, Ajay Malshikhare, Shilpa Kandhare, "A Study on Hand Arm Vibration Syndrome in Body Shop Workers in Pune Area", International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology(IJSRST), Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X, Volume 4, Issue 7, pp.294-298, March-April-2018
URL : http://ijsrst.com/IJSRST1845491