Multilevel inverters have become very popular in the last few years, due to their advantages over the conventional two level inverters, in producing sinusoidal waveform with low distortion, high quality and high efficiency. Many topologies of multilevel inverter have been proposed during the last three decades, aiming to construct a sinusoidal waveform. It is hard to connect a single power semiconductor switch directly to medium voltage grids (2.3, 3.3, 4.16, or 6.9 kV). For these reasons, a new family of multilevel inverters has emerged as the solution for working with higher voltage levels. Multilevel inverters have received more attention in industrial application, such as motor drives, static VAR compensators and renewable energy systems, etc. Primarily multilevel inverters are known to have output voltages with more than two levels. As a result, the inverter output voltages have reduced harmonic distortions and high quality of waveforms. Additionally, the devices are confined to fraction of dc-link voltage. These characteristics make multilevel inverter to adopt for high-power and high-voltage applications. Although different multilevel inverter exists, Cascade Multilevel Inverter (CMI) is one of the productive topology from multilevel family. In reality, on comparing with other multilevel based topologies, CMI feature a high modularity degree because each inverter can be seen as a module with similar circuit topology, control structure, and modulation. Therefore, in the case of a fault in one of these modules, it is possible to replace it quickly and easily. Moreover, with an appropriated control strategy, it is possible to bypass the faulty module without stopping the load, bringing an almost continuous overall availability. All this features make CMI an outstanding power converter.
Multilevel Inverters, Cascaded, Switching Time, Equal Phase Method