Insecticidal Activity and Growth Inhibiting Effects of Three Phases of Tio2 Nanoparticles via Food on First Instar Larvae of T. Castaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae)

Authors(4) :-Geetanjali A. Thorat, Dr. S. G. Salokhe, Ekar S. U. , Anita

Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) is major pest of stored grains .Annual post harvest losses resulting from insect damages, microbial deterioration and other factors are estimated to 10-25 % of worldwide production. Control of these insects depends majorly on many synthetic insecticide and fumigant application. But their widespread use has led to some serious issues. Store grains are found with increased toxic residue. There is increase in application cost also. So, there is an urgent need to provide alternatives which are safe in nature, user friendly & having low cost. Green synthesis of nanoparticles (NPs) by mushroom extract is at present of more interest. NPs synthesis is useful in many biomedical application also eco-friendly in nature. Titanium dioxide (TiO2) has also gained much attention due to many advantages over other oxides thin films. The advantages of TiO2 are it is toxic to insects, stability of hydrogen, optical and piezoelectric behaviours, plasma atmosphere and low price. In present work TiO2 NPs were synthesized using Phellinus mushroom sp. extract. It is one of the useful ceramic materials. TiO2 has many industrial utility and used in day to day life also. When Tribolium castaneum neonates were treated with TiO2 NPs (Sample I, II & III) through diet, the highest mortality was found in Sample-I treated first instar larvae of Tribolium castaneum. The time taken for pupation and adult emergence in treated samples were delayed by 6 to 8 days as compare to control. The percent pupation and percent adult emergence were also affected and were least in TiO2 –I (sample -I, II, &III), as compared to control. It also delayed development to adult stage and affects on fecundity and fertility of treated adults.

Authors and Affiliations

Geetanjali A. Thorat
Department of Zoology, Ramakrishna More College, Pune University, India
Dr. S. G. Salokhe
Department of Zoology, Ramakrishna More College, Pune University, India
Ekar S. U.
Department of Physics, B.R.Gholap College, Pune University, India
Department of Physics, B.R.Gholap College, Pune University, India ABSTRACT

Tribolium castaneum, first instar larvae, Insecticide, TiO2 Nanoparticles, Toxicity.

  1. Abdel Fattah, H.M. and Khaled, A.S.2008.Morphological and biochemical disruption in development of Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae).J.Egypt. Acad. Soc. Environ. Develop. 8(3):1-9.
  2. Arthur F.H. 2001. Susceptibility of last instar red flour beetle and confused flour beetles (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) to hydroprene Journal of Economic Entomology 94(3), 772-779 Devi, M. Bhubaneshwari, and N. Devi. "Biology of rust-red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst)(Tenebrionidae: Coleoptera)." Indian Journal of Entomology 77.1 (2015): 81-82.
  3. Boxi Siddhartha Sankar, Khushi Mukherjee and Santanu Paria, Published 25 January 2016 • © 2016 IOP Publishing Ltd. g doped hollow TiO2 nanoparticles as an effective green fungicide against Fusarium solani and Venturia inaequalis phytopathogens , Nanotechnology, Volume 27,Number 8
  4. Boxi Siddhartha Sankar, (2016) PhD thesis. Synthesis and Characterization of Ag Doped TiO2, CdS, ZnS Nanoparticles for Photocatalytic, Toxic Ions Detection, and Antimicrobial Applications
  5. Ekar, S.U., Shekhar, G., Khollam, Y.B. et al. J Solid State Electrochem (2016). Green synthesis and dye-sensitized solar cell application of rutile and anatase TiO2 nanorods, doi:10.1007/s10008-016-3376-3
  6. Fischer K,Fiedler K.2001.Egg mass variation in the butterfly Lycaena hippothoe: more small or fewer large eggs Population Ecoloy 43:105-109.
  7. Garcia-Barros E. 2000. Body size, egg size, and their interspecific relationships with ecological and life history traits in butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea, Hesperiodea). Biological journal of the Linnean Society 70: 251-284.
  8. Lei Sheng, 25 July 2014, Mechanism of TiO2 nanoparticles-induced neurotoxicity in zebrafish (Danio rerio),
  9. Makeri H.K., Mikai VA, Nok JA (2007), Effect of topical application of neem seed (Azadirachta indica) extract on sheep infested with Amblyomma variegatun Afr. J. Biotechnol. 6(20): 2324-2327
  10. Mathew-1993 ,V.Das Gupta, The development of oral liquid dosage forms of metronidazole, Journal of clinical Pharmacyband Therapeutics, vol.18,pg 291-294,1993.
  11. Philbrook N.A.(2011), et al. The effect of TiO2 and Ag nanoparticles on reproduction and development of Drosophila melanogaster and CD-1mice, Toxicol Appl Pharmacol.

Publication Details

Published in : Volume 5 | Issue 1 | January-February 2018
Date of Publication : 2018-01-20
License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Page(s) : 105-111
Manuscript Number : IJSRST185122
Publisher : Technoscience Academy

Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X

Cite This Article :

Geetanjali A. Thorat, Dr. S. G. Salokhe, Ekar S. U. , Anita, " Insecticidal Activity and Growth Inhibiting Effects of Three Phases of Tio2 Nanoparticles via Food on First Instar Larvae of T. Castaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae), International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology(IJSRST), Print ISSN : 2395-6011, Online ISSN : 2395-602X, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp.105-111, January-February-2018. Available at doi : 10.32628/IJSRST185122
Journal URL :

Article Preview

Contact Us